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Robert Schrieffer

Robert SchriefferAKA John Robert Schrieffer

Born: 31-May-1931
Birthplace: Oak Park, IL

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: BCS Theory of Superconductivity

American physicist Robert Schrieffer studied under John Bardeen and worked with Leon N. Cooper on researching superconductivity, wherein electrical resistance fades and certain metals attain near-perfect conductivity at temperatures approaching absolute zero (0 Kelvin or -273.15 Celsius). Bardeen, Cooper, and Schrieffer developed and published their BCS Theory of Superconductivity to explain this phenomenon of physics in 1957, and shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1972.

On 24 September 2004, Schrieffer was driving from San Francisco to Santa Barbara at speeds exceeding 100 miles per hour, and lost control of his car, crashing into another vehicle and killing its driver, 57-year-old Renato Catolos. At the time of the accident Schrieffer had nine prior speeding tickets and was driving with a suspended license. Convicted of vehicular manslaughter, he was sentenced to two years at the Donovan Correctional Facility in San Diego.

Father: John H. Schrieffer (orange grove owner)
Mother: Louise Anderson (d.1986)
Sister: Barbara Schrieffer Harvison
Wife: Anne Grete Thomsen (m. 1960, two daughters, one son)
Daughter: Bolette
Son: Paul
Daughter: Regina

    High School: Eustis High School, Eustis, FL (1949)
    University: BS Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1953)
    University: PhD, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1957)
    Scholar: University of Birmingham (1957-58)
    Scholar: Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen (1958)
    Teacher: University of Chicago (1958-59)
    Teacher: University of Illinois (1959-62)
    Teacher: University of Pennsylvania (1962-64)
    Professor: Mary Amanda Wood Professor in Physics (1964-80)
    Professor: Andrew D. White Professor at Large, Cornell University (1969-75)
    Professor: Physics, University of California at Santa Barbara (1980-84)
    Professor: Chancellor Professor of Physics, University of California at Santa Barbara (1984-92)
    Administrator: Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California at Santa Barbara (1984-92)
    Professor: University Professor, Florida State University (1992-)
    Administrator: National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University (1992-)

    APS Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize 1968
    NAS Cyrus B. Comstock Prize in Physics 1968 (with Leon N. Cooper)
    Nobel Prize for Physics 1972 (with John Bardeen and Leon N. Cooper)
    John Ericsson Medal 1976
    Guggenheim Fellowship
    National Medal of Science 1984
    Vehicular Manslaughter 2004 (pled no contest)
    Donovan Correctional Facility 2005-06
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Philosophical Society
    American Physical Society Past President
    Federation of American Scientists Board of Sponsors
    National Academy of Sciences
    National Science Foundation Fellowship, 1957-58
    Royal Danish Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Russian Academy of Sciences

Author of books:
Theory of Superconductivity (1964, physics)
Selected Papers of J. Robert Schrieffer (2002, physics)

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