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Laura Ingalls

AKA Laura Houghtaling Ingalls

Born: 14-Dec-1893 [1]
Birthplace: Brooklyn, NY
Died: 10-Jan-1967
Location of death: Burbank, CA
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Female
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Aviator, Activist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Aviatrix and Nazi sympathizer

In a time when being an aviator meant a serious risk to life and limb, daredevil flyer Laura Ingalls held dozens of women's records as a stunt flyer. Her most famous adventure was a 1934 flight which made her the first pilot (man or woman) to fly solo around South America, a flight from Miami to Puerto Rico in a Lockheed Air Express monoplane, with stops in Santiago, Chile; Buenos Aires, Argentina; and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This flight also set a woman's flight distance record of 17,000 miles. Among her other aviation accomplishments, she performed 980 continuous loops on Muskogee, Oklahoma on 26 May 1930, and 714 barrel rolls over Lambert Field in St Louis on 13 August 1930, in each case setting more records for pilots of either gender. On 5-9 October 1935, she became the first woman to make a solo transcontinental flight, making nine stops in her Moth biplane between leaving New York City and landing in Glendale, California. Two years later, Amelia Earhart made the first non-stop transcontinental flight, and on 11 July 1935 Ingalls topped Earhart's record by flying non-stop from Los Angeles to New York in 13 hours, 34 minutes.

Ingalls' celebrity began to wane after September 1939, when she flew over the White House and "bombed" the capitol with fliers touting the peace pleas of the America First Committee. During World War II she was arrested and charged with being an un-registered agent of the Nazi German government, and though she always claimed she had been acting on her own as an anti-Nazi spy, she was convicted and imprisoned for twenty months. Her father was a first cousin of railroad and mining baron William Crocker, and her brother married a granddaughter of J. Pierpont Morgan. She was not related to author Laura Ingalls Wilder.

[1] She routinely cited her birthdate as 1901, ten years later than the date listed in family genealogy records.

Father: Francis Abbott Ingalls (b. 8-Jan-1857)
Mother: Martha Houghtaling Ingalls (b. 7-Apr-1865, m. 21-Oct-1891)
Brother: Francis Abbott Ingalls, Jr. (b. 19-Feb-1895)

    Harmon Trophy 1934
America First Committee
    Failure to Appear 1934
    Driving without a License 1935
    Violation of Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938 (1941)
    Inmate: Alderson Federal Prison Camp (1943)
    English Ancestry

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