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Christiaan Barnard

Christiaan BarnardAKA Christiaan Neethling Barnard

Born: 8-Nov-1922
Birthplace: Beaufort West, South Africa
Died: 2-Sep-2001
Location of death: Paphos, Cyprus
Cause of death: Asthma complications

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Doctor

Nationality: South Africa
Executive summary: Performed the first heart transplant

Performed the first kidney transplant in South Africa, 1959.

Barnard led a team on 3 December 1967 which performed the first heart transplant, replacing diabetic Louis Washkansky's failing heart with a fresh one obtained from a 25-year-old accident victim, Denise Darvall. Anti-immune drugs caused Washkansky's death from pneumonia eighteen days later, but Barnard continued his edgy prodedures with other terminally-ill patients and achieved some significant successes. His second patient, in 1968, survived nineteen months. In 1974 he performed a double transplant, and in 1977 used an animal heart as a temporary transplant.

Barnard retired from his position at Groote Schuur Hospital in 1983, and spent time after that at Baptist Medical Centre in Oklahoma, attempting to determine how to slow the aging process.

Father: Adam Hendrik Barnard (preacher)
Mother: Maria Elisabeth de Swart
Wife: Aletta Gertruida Louw (m. 1948, div. 1969, one son)
Girlfriend: Gina Lollobrigida (dated)
Girlfriend: Sophia Loren (dated)
Wife: Barbara M. Zoellner (m. 1970, div. 1982, two sons)
Wife: Karin Setzkorn (m. 1988, div. 2000, one son)

    University: University of Cape Town
    University: MA, University of Cape Town (1953)
    Scholar: University of Minnesota (1956-58)

Author of books:
Christiaan Barnard: One Life (1969, memoir)
The Second Life (1993, memoir)

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