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J. M. G. Le Clézio

AKA Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio

Born: 13-Apr-1940
Birthplace: Nice, France

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Novelist, Author

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Nomadic novelist

In the announcement of his Nobel Prize for Literature in 2008, novelist Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio was described as "a traveler, a citizen of the world, a nomad". He is of French, English, and Mauritian descent, spent a year of his childhood in Nigeria, and has lived in Albuquerque, Bangkok, Mexico City, and among the Embera natives in Panama.

Le Clézio's writing is as eclectic as his past, sometimes embracing and sometimes rejecting traditional styles and structure, and telling wide-ranging tales of indigenous peoples in Mexico, North African immigrants in France, ocean island-dwellers, etc. If there is a recurring theme to his work, it often involves people removed from their own cultures or seeking their own identity. Désert, perhaps his best-known novel, tells the story of a nomadic tribal woman under French colonialism. Le Clézio's works are generally unknown in the United States, and he has criticized present-day American popular authors as "too isolated" and "too sensitive to trends in their own mass culture".

Wife: Rosalie Piquemal (m. 1960, div., one daughter)
Wife: Jemia (one daughter)

    University: Bristol University (attended, 1958-59)
    Teacher: Bath Grammar School, Bath, England (1959-61)
    University: BS, Institute of Literary Studies, Paris, France (1963)
    University: MA, University of Aix-en-Provenc (1964)
    Teacher: Buddhist University of Bangkok (1966-67)
    Teacher: National Autonomous University of Mexico (1967-68)
    University: PhD, University of Perpignan (1983)

    Nobel Prize for Literature 2008
    Stig Dagermanpriset 2008
    Prix Prince de Monaco 1998
    Grand Prix Jean Giono 1997
    Grand Prix Paul Morand de l’Académie Française 1980
    Prix Larbaud 1972
    Prix Théophraste Renaudot 1963
    French Ancestry (maternal)
    English Ancestry (paternal)

Author of books:
Le Procès-Verbal (The Interrogation) (1963, novel)
Le Jour où Beaumont fit Connaissance avec sa Douleur (1964, novel)
La Fièvre (The Fever) (1965, novel)
Le Déluge (The Flood) (1966, novel)
L'Extase Matérielle (1966, non-fiction)
Terra Amata (1968, novel)
Le Livre des Fuites (The Book of Flights) (1969, novel)
La Guerre (War) (1970, novel)
Haï (1971, non-fiction)
Les Géants (The Giants) (1973, novel)
Mydriase (1973, non-fiction)
Voyages de l'Autre Côté (1975, novel)
Les Prophéties du Chilam Balam (1976)
Voyage aux Pays des Arbres (1978)
L'Inconnu sur la Terre (1978, non-fiction)
Vers les Icebergs (1978, non-fiction)
Mondo et Autres Histoires (1978, novel)
Désert (Autiomaa) (1980, novel)
Trois Villes Saintes (1980, non-fiction)
Lullaby (1980, children's book)
La Ronde et Autres Faits Divers (The Round & Other Cold Hard Facts) (1982, short stories)
Celui qui'n Avait Jamais vu la Mer (1984)
Le Chercheur d'or (The Prospector) (1985, novel)
Villa Aurore (Orlamonde) (1985)
Balaabilou (1985)
Voyage à Rodrigues (1986, novel)
Les Années Cannes (1987)
Le Rêve Mexicain (Mexican Dream) (1988, non-fiction)
Printemps et Autres Saisons (1989, novel)
Sirandanes (1990)
Onitsha (1991, novel)
Pawana (1992, novel)
Étoile Errante (Wandering Star) (1992, novel)
Diego et Frida (Diego & Frida) (1993, non-fiction)
La Quarantaine (1995, novel)
In the Eye of the Sun: Mexican Fiestas (1996, with Geoff Winningham)
Poisson d'or (1997)
La Fête Chantée (1997, non-fiction)
Enfances (1997, with Christophe Kuhn)
Hasard suivi de Angoli Mala (1999, novel)
Fantômes Dans la Rue (2000)
Coeur Brûlé et Autres Romances (2000, novel)
Révolutions (2003)
L'Africain (2004, short stories)
Mondo et Autres Histoires (2005)
Ourania (2006, novel)
Raga: Approche du Continent Invisible (2006, non-fiction)
Ballaciner (2007, memoir and movie reviews)
Ritournelle de la Faim (Same Old Story about Hunger) (2008, novel)

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