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Sheldon Glashow

Sheldon GlashowAKA Sheldon Lee Glashow

Born: 5-Dec-1932
Birthplace: Manhattan, NY

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Electroweak Theory

American physicist Sheldon Glashow (pronounced GLASH-oh) studied under Julian Schwinger at Harvard, and developed important theories of electromagnetic and nuclear particle interaction, which laid the groundwork for the next generation of research on quarks and leptons. In 1961, he published a theory extending electroweak unification models, a concept which was later developed further by Abdus Salam and a former high school classmate of Glashow's, Steven Weinberg. For this work these three men shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979.

In 1964 with James Bjorken, he predicted the existence of the charm quark, an important idea in the theory of quarks, and in 1973 with physicist Howard Georgi, he proposed the first grand unified theory. He is among the most outspoken opponents of string theory, which he has called "a new version of medieval theology". He continues his work at Boston University, where he is studying problems of the breakdown of electroweak and flavor symmetries.

Father: Lewis Gluchovsky (plumber)
Mother: Bella Rubin Gluchovsky
Brother: Samuel (dentist, b. circa 1914)
Brother: Jules (physician, b. circa 1918)
Wife: Joan Shirley Alexander (m. 1972, three sons, one daughter)
Son: Jason (stepson)
Son: Jordan (stepson)
Son: Bryan
Daughter: Rebecca

    High School: Bronx High School of Science, Bronx, NY (1950)
    University: BA, Cornell University (1954)
    University: AM, Harvard University (1955)
    University: PhD Physics, Harvard University (1959)
    Scholar: Research Fellow, California Institute of Technology (1960-61)
    Professor: Assistant Professor, Stanford University (1961-62)
    Professor: Associate Professor, University of California at Berkeley (1961-67)
    Professor: Harvard University (1966-82)

    J. Robert Oppenheimer Prize 1976
    George Ledlie Prize 1978
    Nobel Prize for Physics 1979 (with Steven Weinberg and Abdus Salam)
    Castiglione de Sicilia Prize 1983
    Erice Science for Peace Prize 1991
    Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Award 1999
    Academy of Achievement Awards Council, 1980-2000
    Accademia dei Lincei
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Philosophical Society
    American Physical Society
    Boston Museum of Science Trustee
    Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Board of Sponsors
    CERN 1958-60
    Federation of American Scientists Board of Sponsors
    National Academy of Sciences
    Phi Beta Kappa Society
    Russian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Science Debate 2008
    Sigma Xi Scientific Research Society
    Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship, 1962-66
    Washington Academy of Sciences
    Obama for America
    Belarusian Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry
    Russian Ancestry

Author of books:
Interactions (1988, non-fiction; with Ben Bova)
The Charm of Physics (1990, non-fiction)
From Alchemy to Quarks (1993, non-fiction)

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