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Anton J. Carlson

AKA Anton Julius Carlson

Born: 29-Jan-1875
Birthplace: Svarteborg, Sweden
Died: 2-Sep-1956
Location of death: Chicago, IL
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Agnostic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Biologist, Educator
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: The Machinery of the Body

Military service: US Army (WWI, Lt. Col.)

Born and raised in Sweden, Anton J. Carlson went to work as a shepherd when he was seven years old, following his father's death, and spoke virtually no English when he came to America at 16 years of age. He briefly studied for the ministry, but after his proposal for an experiment to test the efficacy of prayer was rejected, he turned to natural sciences. He studied under David Starr Jordan and researched nerve impulse in mollusks, the hearts of horseshoe crabs, the hunger mechanism, the pancreas, and the physiology of the thyroid and parathyroid. In his study of the stomach, Carlson spent more than two weeks with a balloon in his stomach, measuring its contractions to show that gastric juices were present regardless of whether food was in the stomach. Colleagues, friends, and students called him 'Ajax'.

Father: Carl Jacobson (farmer)
Mother: Hedvig Andersdotter
Brother: Albin Carlson (sailor)
Wife: Esther Sjogren Carlson (m. 26-Sep-1905, three children)
Daughter: Alice Esther Carlson Hough
Son: Alvin Julius Carlson (physician)
Son: Robert Bernard Carlson (business executive)

    University: BA, Augustana College Rock Island (1898)
    University: MS Philosophy, Augustana College Rock Island (1899)
    University: PhD Physiology, Stanford University (1902)
    Teacher: Physiology, University of Chicago (1904-14)
    Professor: Physiology, University of Chicago (1914-40)

    Humanist of the Year 1953
    American Association for the Advancement of Science President (1944)
    American Civil Liberties Union
    America First Committee
    American Eugenics Society
    American Humanist Association
    American Philosophical Society
    American Physiological Society Secretary (1909-14), President (1923-25)
    Carnegie Institution for Science 1903-04
    Institute of Medicine
    March of Dimes
    National Academy of Sciences 1920
    Naturalized US Citizen
    Swedish Ancestry

Appears on the cover of:
Time, 10-Feb-1941, DETAILS: "Physiologist Carlson"

Author of books:
The Control of Hunger in Health and Disease (1916)
The Machinery of the Body (1941, with Victor Johnson)

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