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Gregory Breit

Gregory BreitBorn: 14-Jul-1899
Birthplace: Nikolayev, Russia
Died: 11-Sep-1981
Location of death: Salem, OR
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Proton-proton dispersion

Military service: Naval Ordnance Laboratory (1940-41); Aberdeen Proving Grounds (1943-45)

Originally held Robert Oppenheimer's position at the Manhattan Project, he resigned in 1942. With Eugene Wigner, Breit was the first to describe proton-proton dispersion. "Insufficiently appreciated in the 1930's, he is today the most unappreciated physicist in America." (John Wheeler, Some Men and Moments in Nuclear Physics, 1979).

Father: Alfred Schneider (later Alfred Breit)
Mother: Alexandra Smirnova Breit
Sister: Lubov
Brother: Leo (physician)
Wife: Marjory Elizabeth McDill (m. 30-Dec-1927, one stepson)
Son: Ralph Wycoff (stepson)

    High School: School of Emperor Alexander, Nikolayev (1909-15)
    University: AB, Johns Hopkins University (1918)
    University: AM, Johns Hopkins University (1920)
    University: PhD, Johns Hopkins University (1921)
    Professor: Physics, University of Minnesota (1923-24)
    Professor: Physics, New York University (1929-34)
    Professor: Physics, University of Wisconsin at Madison (1934-47)
    Professor: Physics, Yale University (1947-68)
    Professor: University at Buffalo (1968-73)

    Manhattan Project (resigned 1942)
    National Academy of Sciences 1939
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1951
    American Physical Society
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    Institute of Radio Engineers
    American Mathematical Society
    American Geophysical Union
    Sigma Xi Scientific Research Society
    Phi Beta Kappa Society
    Physical Review Editor (1927-29, 39-41, 54-56, 61-63)
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Editor
    National Medal of Science 1967

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