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Institutionalized

EVENT

Committed to a mental institution. See also Shock Treatment.

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Joan Vollmer Adams
Victim
1924 6-Sep-1951 Common-law wife of William S. Burroughs
David Allen
Author
28-Dec-1945   Getting Things Done
Louis Althusser
Philosopher
16-Oct-1918 22-Oct-1990 Marxist theorist, anti-humanist
Malcolm Arnold
Composer
21-Oct-1921 23-Sep-2006 The Bridge on the River Kwai
Antonin Artaud
Playwright
4-Sep-1896 4-Mar-1948 Theater of Cruelty
Nathaniel Bar-Jonah
Criminal
15-Feb-1957 13-Apr-2008 Cannibal child killer, sentenced to 130 years
Busby Berkeley
Film Director
29-Nov-1895 14-Mar-1976 Strike Up the Band
Nellie Bly
Journalist
5-May-1864 27-Jan-1922 Ten Days in a Mad-House
Lorena Bobbitt
Criminal
1970   Severed husband's penis
Buddy Bolden
Jazz Musician
6-Sep-1877 4-Nov-1931 Ragtime, pre-Jazz cornetist
Clara Bow
Actor
29-Jul-1905 26-Sep-1965 Schizophrenic actress, Wings
Emanuel Bronner
Business
1-Feb-1908 7-Mar-1997 Soap label philosopher
Beau Brummell
Socialite
7-Jun-1778 30-Mar-1840 Dandy, 19th c. arbiter of fashion
William S. Burroughs, Jr.
Relative
21-Jul-1947 3-Mar-1981 Son of William S. Burroughs
William S. Burroughs
Author
5-Feb-1914 2-Aug-1997 Naked Lunch
Samuel Byck
Assassin
30-Jan-1930 22-Feb-1974 Unsuccessful Nixon assassin
Leonora Carrington
Painter
6-Apr-1917 25-May-2011 Last surviving Surrealist
Hayden Carruth
Poet
3-Aug-1921 29-Sep-2008 Brothers, I Loved You All
Clarence 13X
Religion
21-Feb-1928 13-Jun-1969 Nation of Gods and Earths
Paulo Coelho
Novelist
24-Aug-1947   The Alchemist
Albert DeSalvo
Criminal
3-Sep-1931 25-Nov-1973 Rapist, confessed Boston Strangler
Don Drummond
Musician
12-Mar-1932 6-May-1969 The Skatalites
Roky Erickson
Singer/Songwriter
15-Jul-1947   13th Floor Elevators
Frederick Exley
Author
28-Mar-1929 17-Jun-1992 A Fan's Notes
Frances Farmer
Actor
19-Sep-1913 1-Aug-1970 Hollywood actress, institutionalized
Marshall Field IV
Business
15-Jun-1916 18-Sep-1965 Owner of the Chicago Sun-Times, 1956-65
Ed Gein
Criminal
27-Aug-1906 26-Jul-1984 Serial killer and cannibal
Frances Gifford
Actor
7-Dec-1919 15-Jan-1994 Jungle Girl
Philip L. Graham
Publisher
18-Jul-1915 3-Aug-1963 Washington Post publisher, 1947-63
Ivor Gurney
Poet
28-Aug-1890 26-Dec-1937 War's Embers
Gary Heidnik
Criminal
22-Nov-1943 6-Jul-1999 Sex torturer, murderer
John Hinckley
Assassin
29-May-1955   Shot President Reagan
Daniel Johnston
Singer/Songwriter
22-Jan-1961   Hi How Are You?
Ronnie Kray
Criminal
24-Oct-1933 17-Mar-1995 Kray brothers
Adrian Lamo
Hacker
20-Feb-1981   So-called homeless hacker
Nathaniel Lee
Playwright
c. 1653 6-May-1692 The Rival Queens
Earl Long
Politician
26-Aug-1895 5-Sep-1960 Three-time Governor of Louisiana
Gucci Mane
Rapper
2-Feb-1980   Icy
Guy de Maupassant
Author
5-Aug-1850 6-Jul-1893 French short story writer
Timothy McSweeney
Relative
1943 24-Jan-2010 Namesake of McSweeney's Quarterly Concern
W. C. Minor
Scholar
Jun-1834 26-Mar-1920 Prolific OED contributor
Yoko Ono
Artist
18-Feb-1933   Impenetrable musician, wife of John Lennon
Charlie Parker
Jazz Musician
29-Aug-1920 12-Mar-1955 Be-bop jazz musician
Colonel Tom Parker
Business
26-Jun-1909 21-Jan-1997 Elvis Presley's manager
Jimmy Piersall
Baseball
14-Nov-1929   Crazy center fielder
Ezra Pound
Poet
30-Oct-1885 1-Nov-1972 The Cantos
Lou Reed
Musician
2-Mar-1942   The Velvet Underground
Maria Schneider
Actor
27-Mar-1952 3-Feb-2011 Last Tango in Paris
Edie Sedgwick
Socialite
20-Apr-1943 16-Nov-1971 Warhol factory girl
Ignaz Semmelweis
Doctor
1-Jul-1818 13-Aug-1865 Pioneer of antiseptics
David Hyrum Smith
Relative
17-Nov-1844 29-Aug-1904 Son of Joseph Smith
Valerie Solanas
Activist
9-Apr-1936 26-Apr-1988 Shot Andy Warhol
Skip Spence
Musician
18-Apr-1946 16-Apr-1999 Moby Grape guitarist, Oar
James Taylor
Singer/Songwriter
12-Mar-1948   Seen fire, rain
Georges Gilles de la Tourette
Doctor
30-Oct-1857 26-May-1904 Tourette's syndrome
Howard Unruh
Criminal
21-Jan-1921 19-Oct-2009 Spree killer, 13 dead in 1949
Krishna Venta
Religion
29-Mar-1911 10-Dec-1958 W.K.F.L. Fountain of the World
Louis Wain
Painter
5-Aug-1860 4-Jul-1939 The Man Who Drew Cats
Aby Warburg
Scholar
13-Jun-1866 26-Oct-1929 Founder of the Warburg Institute
Tex Watson
Criminal
2-Dec-1945   Honor student turned to Manson Family
Jonathan Winters
Comic
11-Nov-1925 11-Apr-2013 Mearth, son of Mork
Marion A. Zioncheck
Politician
5-Dec-1901 7-Aug-1936 Congressman, committed suicide


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