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Hendrik Kramers

AKA Hendrik Anthony Kramers

Born: 17-Feb-1894
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: 24-Apr-1952
Location of death: Oegstgeest, Netherlands
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: Netherlands
Executive summary: Kramers dispersion theory

Dutch physicist Hendrik Kramers conducted early and important work in quantum theory and electromagnetic dispersion relations, solid-state physics, and statistical mechanics. He was a long-time assistant and friend to Niels Bohr, and collaborated with him on a 1924 paper contending that light consists of probability waves, which became a foundation of quantum mechanics. He introduced the idea of renormalization, a cornerstone of modern field theory, and determined the dispersion formulae that led to Werner Heisenberg's matrix mechanics. He is not as well known as some of his contemporaries (primarily because his work was not widely translated into English), but his name is still invoked by physicists as they discuss Kramers dispersion theory, Kramers-Heisenberg dispersion formulae, Kramers opacity formula, Kramers degeneracy, or Kramers-Kronig relations.

Father: Hendrik Kramers (physician)
Mother: Jeanne Susanne Breukelman Kramers
Wife: Anna Petersen Kramers (m. 25-Oct-1920, three daughters, one son)

    University: BS Mathematics, University of Leiden (1914)
    University: MS Mathematics, University of Leiden (1916)
    Teacher: Arnhem Grammar School, Arnhem, Netherlands (1916)
    Teacher: Theoretical Physics, University of Copenhagen (1916-26)
    University: PhD Physics, University of Leiden (1919)
    Professor: Physics, University of Utrecht (1926-34)
    Professor: Physics, Delft University of Technology (1931-52)
    Professor: Physics, University of Leiden (1934-52)

    Hughes Medal 1951
    Lorentz Medal 1947
    Danish Academy of Sciences
    Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences
    UN Official International Atomic Energy Commission
    Lunar Crater Kramers

Author of books:
Die Grundlagen der Quantentheorie (1933)


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