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Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Born: 5-Sep-1888
Birthplace: Tirutani, Madras, India
Died: 17-Apr-1975
Location of death: Madras, India
Cause of death: Heart Failure
Remains: Cremated

Gender: Male
Religion: Hindu
Race or Ethnicity: Asian/Indian
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Politician, Philosopher

Nationality: India
Executive summary: Philosopher-President of India, 1962-67

Indian philosopher and statesman Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is credited with bringing aspects of Western philosophy into the mainstream of Indian culture, and helping to interpret his Hindu traditions to the West. He was born high-caste Hindu but educated in Christian schools, then studied Buddhist and Jain philosophy, and became a prominent spokesman for Indian freedom from British rule. At the urging of Jawaharlal Nehru, who had studied Radhakrishnan's works while imprisoned, he turned to statecraft after his nation earned its independence, eventually serving as India's second President. During his tenure as President, India fought wars with China and Pakistan.

Wife: Sivakamamma (m. 1904)
Son: Sarvepalli Gopal (historian, b. 1923, d. 2002)

    High School: Lutheran Mission School, Tirupati, Madras, India
    University: Voorhees College (attended)
    University: BA Philosophy, Madras Christian College
    University: MA Philosophy, Madras Christian College
    Teacher: Philosophy, University of Madras (1909-18)
    Professor: Philosophy, University of Mysore (1918-21)
    Professor: Philosophy, University of Calcutta (1921-31, 37-41)
    Professor: Eastern Religions and Ethics, Oxford University (1936-52)
    Administrator: Vice Chancellor, Andhra University (1931-36)
    Administrator: Vice Chancellor, Banaras Hindu University (1939-46)
    Administrator: Chancellor, University of Delhi (1952-62)
    Administrator: Principal of Manchester College, Oxford University (1928-52)

    Templeton Prize 1975
    Friedenspreis des Deutschen Buchhandels 1961
    Bharat Ratna 1954
    Knight of the British Empire
    President of India (1962-67)
    UN Official United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (President, 1952-54)
    Indian Ambassador to Soviet Union:(1949-52)

Author of books:
The Ethics of Vedanta (1908)
The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy (1920)
A Source Book in Indian Philosophy (1923)
The Hindu View of Life (1927)
An Idealist View of Life (1932)
East and West in Religion (1933)
Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939)
Religion and Society (1947)
Contemporary Indian Philosophy (1952)
History of Philosophy, Eastern and Western (1952)
The Principal Upanisads (1953)
Recovery of Faith (1955)
The Concept of Man: A Study in Comparative Philosophy (1960)
The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore (1961)
Religion in A Changing World (1967)


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