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Roger Martin du Gard

Born: 23-Mar-1881
Birthplace: Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died: 22-Aug-1958
Location of death: Bellême, France
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Cimiez Monastery, Cimiez, France

Gender: Male
Religion: Agnostic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Bisexual
Occupation: Author

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Les Thibault

Military service: French Army (WWI)

Roger Martin du Gard won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1937. He fought on the front lines of World War I, and in his writings he frequently returned to the battlefield and its repercussions, and pondered the gulf between Catholic faith and freethinking atheism. His Un Taciturne (The Silent One) was significant for its open albeit bleak treatment of a gay protagonist, and he wrote a series of eight novels collectively called Les Thibault, which tell the story of Jacques Thibault and his bourgeoisie family as they dealt with the political, personal, and practical issues of World War I. Well-received in his native France, the English translation of Les Thibault sold so poorly in America that latter volumes were never released there. He wrote five hundred pages of his last novel, Lieutenant-Colonel de Maumort, toiling over it for seventeen years, and decades after his death it was rather unsatisfactorily completed from another 300 pages of his notes. To present-day readers, du Gard may be best known for his book about his long-time friend and lover, fellow Nobel laureate André Gide.

Father: (attorney)
Wife: Hèléne Foucault (m. 1906, div.)
Daughter: Christiane du Gard
Boyfriend: André Gide (author)

    University: BS Paleography, University of Paris

    Nobel Prize for Literature 1937

Author of books:
L'Abbaye de Jumieges (1909)
Devenir! (1909)
L'une de Nous (1910)
Jean Barois (1913)
Le Testament du Père Leleu (Old Leleu's Will) (1920)
Temoignage: In Memoriam (1921)
Le Cahier Gris (Les Thibault, Volume 1) (1922)
Le Penitencier (Les Thibault, Volume 2) (1922)
La Belle Saison (Les Thibault, Volume 3 (1923)
Noizemont-les-Vierges (1928)
La Gonfle (The Swelling) (1928)
La Consultation (Les Thibault, Volume 4) (1928)
La Sorellina (Les Thibault, Volume 5) (1928)
La Mort du Père (Les Thibault, Volume 6) (1929)
Dialogue (1930)
Confdence Africaine (African Secret) (1931)
Un Taciturne (The Silent One) (1932)
Vieille France (The Postman) (1933, short stories)
Notes sur André Gide (Recollections of André Gide) (1951, non-fiction)
L'été 1914, Part 1 (Les Thibault, Volume 7) (1936)
Epilogue (Les Thibault, Volume 8) (1940)
Lieutenant-Colonel de Maumort (1983, completed and published posthumously)


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