|Pope Alexander VII|
AKA Fabio Chigi
Birthplace: Siena, Italy
Location of death: Rome, Italy
Cause of death: unspecified
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Executive summary: Roman Catholic Pope, 1655-67
Alexander VII, given name Fabio Chigi, Roman Catholic Pope from 1655 to 1667, was born at Siena on the 13th of February 1599. He was successively inquisitor at Malta, vice-legate at Ferrara, and nuncio in Cologne (1639-51). Though expected to take part in the negotiations which led in 1648 to the peace at Westphalia, he refused to deliberate with heretics, and protested against the treaties when completed. Pope Innocent X subsequently amde him cardinal secretary-of-state. When Innocent died, Chigi, the candidate favored by Spain, was elected pope on the 7th of April 1655. The concave believed he was strongly opposed to the nepotism then prevalent. In the first year of his reign as Alexander VII forbade his relations even to visit Rome; but in 1656 he gave them the best-paid civil and ecclesiastical offices, also palaces and princely estates. Alexander disliked business of state, preferring literature and philosophy; a collection of his Latin poems appeared in Paris under the title Philomathi Labores Juveniles. He also encouraged architecture, and in particular constructed the beautiful colonnade in the piazza of St. Peter's. He favored the Jesuits, especially in their conflict with the Jansenists, forbade in 1661 the translation of the Roman Missal into French, and in 1665 canonized St. Francis de Sales. His pontificate was marked by protracted controversies with France and Portugal. He died on the 22nd of May 1667.
Roman Catholic Pope 7-Apr-1655 to 22-May-1667
Roman Catholic Cardinal
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