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Alexander Dallas Bache

Born: 19-Jul-1806
Birthplace: Philadelphia, PA
Died: 17-Feb-1867
Location of death: Newport, RI
Cause of death: Illness
Remains: Buried, Congressional Cemetery, Washington, DC

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist, Educator

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: First President, National Academy of Sciences

Military service: US Army Corps of Engineers (1825-28, Lt.)

Alexander Dallas Bache was the first President of the National Academy of Sciences, and spent his scientific career studying physical mechanics, magnetism, and meteorology. He founded the nation's second public high school, Central High in Philadelphia, and served as its first principal. In his latter years he was Superintendent of the US Office of Coast Survey, where he oversaw expansion of cartography, pilotage, magnetic forces, meteorology, topography and other research south to the Florida Keys and Gulf Stream. He was the great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, and nephew of Vice President George M. Dallas.

Father: Richard Bache Jr. (Post Office executive, d. 1857)
Mother: Sophia Burrell Dallas Bache (b. 1786, d. 1860)
Wife: Nancy Clarke Fowler (m. 1828, d. 1870)

    University: US Military Academy, West Point (1825)
    Scholar: Engineering, US Military Academy, West Point (1826-27)
    Professor: Natural Philosophy and Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania (1828-43)
    Administrator: President, Girard College, Philadelphia, PA (1836-41)
    Administrator: Principal, Central High School, Philadelphia, PA (1839-43)

    National Academy of Sciences President (1863-67)
    US Office of Weights and Measures Superintendent (1843-67)
    US Office of Coast Survey Superintendent (1843-67)
    Pennsylvania State Official Superintendent, Philadelphia Public Schools (1841-42)
    American Philosophical Society
    Franklin Institute
    Royal Astronomical Society Foreign Member
    Royal Statistical Society Foreign Member
    Smithsonian Institution Regent (1846-67)

Author of books:
European Systems of Instruction (1839)


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