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Arvid Carlsson

Born: 25-Jan-1923
Birthplace: Uppsala, Sweden

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: Sweden
Executive summary: Signal transduction in the nervous system

Military service: Swedish Armed Forces

Prior to Arvid Carlsson's work, dopamine was believed to work only indirectly, by stimulating brain cells to form another neurotransmitter, noradrenaline. Carlsson showed that dopamine is itself a neurotransmitter, leading to the development of levodopa (L-Dopa), a drug now widely prescribed for patients suffering from Parkinson's disease. He shared the 2000 Nobel Prize in Medicine with Paul Greengard, who conducted related research independently, and with Eric R. Kandel, who studied the molecular basis of learning and memory.

Concerned about the toxicity of fluoride, Carlsson is an outspoken opponent of the practice, common in most developed nations, of adding fluoride to drinking water to improve dental health.

Father: Gottfrid Carlsson (historian)
Daughter: Lena Carlsson
Daughter: Maria L Carlsson (neuropsychopharmacologist)

    Medical School: MD, University of Lund (1951)
    University: PhD, University of Lund (1951)
    Teacher: Pharmacology, University of Lund (1944-59)
    Scholar: Chemical Pharmacology, National Institutes of Health (1955-56)
    Professor: Pharmacology, University of Gothenburg (1959-89)

    Wolf Prize in Medicine 1979
    Japan Prize 1994
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 2000 (with Paul Greengard and Eric R. Kandel)
    National Academy of Sciences
    Swedish Ancestry

Author of books:
Metabolism of Radiocalcium in Relation to Calcium Intake in Young Rats (1951)
Cellular Localization of Brain Monoamines (1962, with Bengt Falck and Nils-Aake Hillarp)
Analysis of the Mgtt-ATP Dependent Storage Mechanism in the Amine Granules of the Adrenal Medulla (1963, with Nils-Aake Hillarp and Bertil Waldeck)
Current Topics in Extrapyramidal Disorders (1980)
Messengers of the Brain (2002, with Lena Carlsson)
Progress in Dopamine Research Schizophrenia: A Guide for Physicians (2004)


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