|Julia Gardiner Tyler|
AKA Julia Gardiner
Birthplace: Gardinerís Island, NY
Location of death: Richmond, VA
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: First Lady
Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Second wife of US President John Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler was the second wife of US President John Tyler. She came from a prominent, wealthy family, the namesake of Gardiners Island in New York, where she was born. Owned by her family since 1639, it is the largest private island in the United States, and the last piece of American real estate which remains intact from its royal grant by the English Crown. As a young woman she was described as being "flirtatious, prone to be indiscreet, and very daring", and after her social debut at age 15 she had numerous gentleman callers, reportedly including naval officers, a Supreme Court Justice, and at least two members of European royalty. At 19, to her parents' dismay, she accepted payment to have her vivacious image used in an advertisement for a dry goods store.
Her father, a New York state Senator, was killed in 1844, when he happened to be standing near a cannon that misfired aboard the USS Princeton. The newly-christened Navy ship was taking President Tyler and numerous dignitaries on a ceremonial cruise down the Potomac River. Julia was aboard the ship when the disaster happened, and when she was told of her father's death she reportedly collapsed in grief, into President Tyler's arms.
They were married four months later, and after their wedding she was First Lady for less than a year. During her brief time in the White House, she resumed the tradition of hosting grand Presidential balls, something Tyler's bedridden previous wife, Letitia Tyler, had shown little inclination toward. Fascinated by the trappings of near-royalty, she instituted the White House tradition of having a band strike up "Hail to the Chief" whenever the President entered the room at social events, usually with her on his arm. She was the first First Lady to hire a press agent, charged with making sure she received favorable coverage in the newspapers.
She was thirty years younger than her husband, and five years younger than his eldest daughter, which led to icy relations with her stepchildren. The second Mrs Tyler had seven children with her husband, which, in addition to the eight children from his first marriage, made him the most reproductive of all American Presidents. After his Presidency, they retired to his plantation, called Sherwood Forest. She later authored an article in the Southern Literary Messenger, defending slavery as "a civilizing influence".
Father: David Gardiner (New York state Senator, b. 1784, d. 28-Feb-1844 military accident)
Mother: Juliana McLachlan Gardiner (b. 1799, d. 1864)
Sister: Margaret Gardiner (d.)
Brother: Alexander Gardiner (d.)
Boyfriend: Francis Wilkinson Pickens (US Congressman, b. 1805, dated 1841, d. 1869)
Boyfriend: James Buchanan (then a US Senator, b. 1791, dated 1842, d. 1868)
Husband: John Tyler IV (US President, b. 1790, m. 26-Jun-1844, d. 1862)
Daughter: Mary Tyler Jones (stepdaughter, b. 15-Apr-1815, d. 17-Jun-1847)
Son: Robert Tyler (stepson, Confederate Treasury official, b. 9-Sep-1816, d. 3-Dec-1877)
Son: John Tyler V (stepson, b. 17-Apr-1819, d. 26-Jan-1896)
Daughter: Letitia Christian Tyler Semple (stepdaughter, b. 11-May-1821, d. 28-Dec-1907)
Daughter: Elizabeth Tyler Waller (stepdaughter, b. 11-Jul-1823, d. 1-Jun-1850 childbirth)
Daughter: Alice Tyler Denison (stepdaughter, b. 23-Mar-1827, d. 8-Jun-1854 colic)
Son: Tazewell Tyler (stepson, physician, b. 6-Dec-1830, d. 8-Jan-1874 alcoholism)
Son: David Gardiner Tyler (Director of lunatic asylum, b. 12-Jul-1846, d. 5-Sep-1927)
Son: John Alexander Tyler (surveyor, b. 7-Apr-1848, d. 1-Sep-1883 dysentery)
Daughter: Julia Gardiner Tyler Spencer (b. 25-Dec-1849, d. 8-May-1871 childbirth)
Son: Lachlan Tyler (physician, b. 2-Dec-1851, d. 26-Jan-1902)
Son: Lyon Gardiner Tyler (President of College of William and Mary, b. 24-Aug-1853, d. 12-Feb-1935)
Son: Robert Fitzwalter Tyler (b. 12-Mar-1856, d. 31-Dec-1927)
Daughter: Pearl Tyler Ellis (b. 20-Jun-1860, d. 30-Jun-1947)
High School: Madame N.D. Chagarayís Institute for Young Ladies, New York, NY
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