AKA Hugo Ferdinand Boss
Birthplace: Metzingen, Württemberg, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Fashion Designer
Executive summary: Designed Nazi uniforms
Hugo Boss was a German tailor who ran a small shop in Metzingen, offering well-made men's suits and raincoats. His business had its greatest success, however, after Boss joined the Nazi Party in 1931, and was awarded lucrative contracts to manufacture uniforms. By World War II, Boss's shop was Germany's main supplier of SS guards' uniforms, the brown shirts worn by storm troopers, and the black-and-brown Hitler Youth uniforms. To meet demand in later years of the war, Boss used forced labor from Poland and France. In post-war trials, he was found to have been an "opportunist of the Third Reich," stripped of his voting rights, and fined 80,000 marks. He died in 1948.
His company remained in business, manufacturing uniforms for postal workers and police officers, but little more is known about Hugo Boss, the man. His family eschews the public eye, and since the late 1950s his company has remade its reputation as a maker of fine men's wear and fragrances, but rarely mentions its founder. Hugo Boss AG went public in 1985, and has been owned by Marzotto since 1991.
National Socialist German Workers Party
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