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Richard Rush

Richard RushBorn: 29-Aug-1780
Birthplace: Philadelphia, PA
Died: 30-Jul-1859
Location of death: Philadelphia, PA
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia, PA

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Diplomat, Government

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Negotiated the Rush-Bagot Agreement

American statesman and diplomatist, son of Benjamin Rush, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on the 29th of August 1780 He graduated at Princeton in 1797, and was admitted to the bar in 1800. He was attorney-general of Pennsylvania in 1811, comptroller of the treasury of the United States in 1811-14, attorney-general in the cabinet of President James Madison in 1814-17, acting secretary of state from March to September 1817, minister to Great Britain in 1817-25, secretary of the treasury in the cabinet of President John Quincy Adams in 1825-29, and candidate for vice-president on the Adams ticket in 1828. In 1818, while minister to Great Britain, he, in association with Albert Gallatin, concluded with British plenipotentiaries the important treaty which determined the boundary line between the United States and Canada from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains and provided for the joint occupation of Oregon for ten years. He also conducted the negotiations with George Canning in 1823 relating to the South American policy of the Holy Alliance. He followed the Adams-Clay faction of the Democratic-Republican party in the split of 1825-28, but returned to the Democratic party about 1834 on the bank issue. In 1835 he and Benjamin C. Howard, of Baltimore, Maryland, were sent by President Andrew Jackson to prevent an outbreak of hostilities in the Ohio-Michigan boundary dispute. In 1836-38 Rush was commissioner to receive the James Smithson, and in 1847-49 he was minister to France. He died at Philadelphia on the 30th of July 1859.

Father: Benjamin Rush (doctor/politician)
Brother: James Rush (physician, b. 1786, d. 1869)

    University: Princeton University (1797)

    US Ambassador to France (1847-49)
    US Secretary of the Treasury (7-Mar-1825 to 5-Mar-1829)
    US Ambassador to the United Kingdom (1818-25)
    US Attorney General (1814-17)
    US Treasury Department Comptroller of the Treasury (1811-14)
    Attorney General of Pennsylvania (1811)

Author of books:
A Narrative of a Residence at the Court of London from 1817 to 1825 (1833-45, memoir, 2 vols.)
Washington in Domestic Life (1857, biography)
Occasional Productions, Political, Diplomatic and Miscellaneous (1860)


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