AKA René Théophile Hyacinthe Laënnec
Born: 17-Feb-1781 
Birthplace: Quimper, France
Location of death: Kerbouranec, France
Cause of death: Tuberculosis
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Doctor, Inventor
Executive summary: Stethoscope
French physician René Laënnec invented the stethoscope in 1816, when he was unable to feel a patient's heartbeat through his hand or by pressing his ear against the chest due to the patient's "great degree of fatness". His first stethoscope was a hollow wooden tube, one end pressed against the patient's chest and the other end held to the doctor's ear. Decades after his death the stethoscope was improved with two further innovations -- rubber tubing, and binaural earpieces.
The stethoscope, now seen as a doctor's fundamental tool, allowed Laënnec to diagnose diseases earlier and more accurately than had previously been possible. He conducted landmark studies of lung, liver, and skin diseases, and he was one of the first doctors to perform autopsies to learn more about the evidence and processes of disease. He coined the medical terms cirrhosis (describing the growth of small tissues that cause liver degeneration) and melanoma (the darkened surface indicative of skin cancer). He is the namesake of "Laënnec's thrombus," a blood clot of the heart, and "Laënnec's cirrhosis", a specific form of progressive liver disease. He wrote the first detailed medical descriptions of bronchiectasis, emphysema, pleuritis, and pneumonia, and showed that lesions called tubercles, visible in any of the body's organs, are a definitive symptom of tuberculosis. Ironically, this finding allowed Laënnec to diagnose his own advancing tuberculosis, which killed him at the age of 45.
 1782, according to some sources.
Father: Théophile-Marie Laënnec (attorney)
Mother: Michelle Félicité Guesdon Laënnec (d. 1786 tuberculosis)
Brother: Michaud Laënnec
Wife: Jacquette Guichard Laënnec (m. 16-Dec-1824, until his death, no children)
Medical School: MD, École Pratique (1804)
Teacher: Medicine, University of Paris (1804-16)
Teacher: Medicine, Necker Hospital (1816-17)
Professor: Medicine, Necker Hospital (1817-22)
Professor: Medicine, Collège de France (1822-26)
French Academy of Medicine
French Legion of Honor 1824
Author of books:
De l'Auscultation Mediate (On Mediate Auscultation) (1819)
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