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David Shoenberg

Born: 4-Jan-1911
Birthplace: Pinsk, Belarus
Died: 10-Mar-2004
Location of death: Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England
Cause of death: Stroke

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Physicist at Cambridge

Physicist David Shoenberg studied under Ernest Rutherford and Pyotr Kapitsa, and became was one of the 20th century's foremost experts on superconductivity (near-perfect conductivity in certain metals at temperatures approaching absolute zero). He developed a new method for determining the magnetic penetration depth of isotropic superconductors, and in 1958 he first detected the de Haas-van Alphen effect. He began his research into superconductivity when it was a little-understood curiosity, and over more than six decades of work he helped explain the phenomenon, and showed why some metals are superior to others in conducting electricity. Born in Pinsk when it was part of Russia, he was raised in a Russian-speaking household and was fluent in both English and Russian, allowing him to maintain scientific contact with Russian scientists even at the height of the Cold War. His father, Sir Isaac Shoenberg, was a principle inventor of the system of television used in England until 1964.

Father: Isaac Shoenberg (inventor)
Mother: Esther Shoenberg
Brother: Alexander Shoenberg ("Alec")
Sister: Elizabeth Shoenberg (psychiatrist, b. circa 1916, d. 2005)
Brother: Mark Shoenberg
Sister: Rosalie Shoenberg Taylor (gynecologist)
Wife: Catherine Felicitée Fischmann Shoenberg ("Kate", physiologist, b. 1906, m. Mar-1940, d. Aug-2003, two daughters)
Daughter: Ann Shoenberg Bourgeois
Son: Peter Shoenberg (psychiatrist)
Daughter: Jane Shoenberg Gatrell

    High School: Latymer Upper School, Hammersmith, England
    University: BS, Trinity College, Cambridge University (1932)
    Teacher: Physics, Cambridge University (1932-73)
    Professor: Physics, Cambridge University (1973-2004)
    Administrator: Director, Royal Society Mond Laboratory, Cambridge University (1947-73)
    Administrator: Director, Low Temperature Physics Group, Cambridge University (1973-77)

    Hughes Medal 1995
    Member of the British Empire 1944
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences Foreign Member
    Royal Society 1953
    Stroke 2003
    Stroke 2004
    Belarusian Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry
    Russian Ancestry
    Risk Factors: Deafness

Author of books:
Superconductivity (1938)
Magnetism (1949)
Magnetic Oscillations in Metals (1984)
Kapitza in Cambridge and Moscow (1990, with J. W. Boag and P. E. Rubinin)


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