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Joseph Needham

AKA Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham

Born: 9-Dec-1900
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 24-Mar-1995
Location of death: Cambridge, England
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Historian

Nationality: Scotland
Executive summary: Science and Civilization in China

Trained as a biochemist, he is best known for his scholarship on the history of Chinese science. Having met three visiting Chinese scholars at Cambridge, he learned the language in the late 1930s and spent considerable time in China during WWII as a British liaison. He conceived and the Science and Civilization in China series, of which more than twenty volumes have appeared. Early volumes were written by Needham himself.

Father: (physician)
Mother: Alicia Adelaïde Montgomery (b. 1863, d. 1945)
Wife: Dorothy Moyle (m. 1924, d. 1987)
Wife: Lu Gwei-Djen (m. 1989, d. 1991)

    High School: Oundle School
    University: BS, Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge University (1921)
    University: MS, Cambridge University (1925)
    University: PhD, Cambridge University (1925)
    Professor: Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge University (1966-76 as Master)

    Sino-British Science Co-operation Office, Chongqing Director (1942-46)
    George Sarton Medal 1968
    Risk Factors: Parkinson's

Author of books:
Chemical Embryology (1931)
A History of Embryology (1934)
Biology and Morphogenesis (1942)
Order and Life (1968)
The Grand Titration, Science and Society in East and West (1969)
Science, Religion, and Reality (1970)
Within the Four Seas: The Dialogue of East and West (1979)
Science in Traditional China (1982)
Heavenly Clockwork: The Great Astronomical Clocks of Medieval China (1986, with Ling Wang and Derek J. de Solla Price)



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