bibliography
NNDB
This is a beta version of NNDB
Search: for

Daniel Bell

Daniel BellAKA Daniel Bolotsky

Born: 10-May-1919
Birthplace: New York City
Died: 25-Jan-2011
Location of death: Cambridge, MA
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Atheist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Sociologist, Journalist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: The End of Ideology

Sociologist Daniel Bell wrote about the demise of revolutionary politics, analyzed economics and lifestyle in a post-industrial society, and coined the phrases "information economy" and "post-industrialism." His 1960 book, The End of Ideology, explained how Marxism, which had once a driving philosophy on the left, had become irrelevant in modern America as the mid-20th century political landscape allowed the social and economic inequalities of capitalism to be more effectively addressed through other means. He later offered insightful critique of modern capitalist society, concluding that the classic economic conditions of the market no longer matter and in some senses no longer even exist. His analysis identified numerous problems of a post-industrial economy, focusing on the clash between technocratic structure and individualist culture, the lack of any "transcendent ethic" or "meaningful purpose" for most people in postmodern societies, and public and private expectations of improvement that would be difficult to sustain in reality.

He was a Marxist in youth, later adopting the neoconservatism of the 1970s and '80s, and finally calling for a mixed economy, with both private and public ownership of differing properties and means of production. He became known for his ever-evolving perspectives his first ideological shift came after writing several hundred pages of a book he hoped would explain his theory of a monopoly capitalist state, when he read through his own writings and decided he no longer agreed with what he called his own "vulgar Marxist framework." In the 1950s he worked with the Congress for Cultural Freedom, which was later revealed to have been (unbeknownst to Bell) a CIA front group, and in 1965 he was co-founder with Irving Kristol of the influential neoconservative magazine The Public Interest. He later described himself as "a socialist in economics, a liberal in politics, and a conservative in culture."

Father: Benjamin Bolotsky (d. 1920)
Mother: Anna Kaplan (pattern illustrator)
Wife: Nora Potashnick (m. 1943, div., one daughter)
Daughter: Jordan Bell ("Jordy", academic administrator)
Wife: Elaine Graham (m. 1949, div.)
Wife: Pearl Kazin (literary critic, m. 1960 untuil his death, one son)
Son: David Bell (historian)

    University: BS, City College of New York (1939)
    University: PhD, Columbia University (1960)
    Teacher: Social Sciences, University of Chicago (1945-48)
    Lecturer: Sociology, Columbia University (1952-56)
    Teacher: Assoc. Prof. of Social Sciences, Columbia University (1959-62)
    Professor: Sociology, Columbia University (1962-69)
    Professor: Sociology, Harvard University (1969-90)
    Professor: Pitt Professor of American Institutions, Cambridge University (1987-88)

    Guggenheim Fellowship 1972
    Guggenheim Fellowship 1983
    AAAS Talcott Parsons Prize 1992
    The Public Interest Co-Founder, Co-Editor (1965-76)
    Fortune Labor Editor (1948-58)
    The New Leader Managing Editor (1941-44)
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences Vice President (1972-75)
    American Philosophical Society
    American Sociological Association
    Century Association
    Council on Foreign Relations
    Young People's Socialist League
    Jewish Ancestry
    Polish Ancestry

Author of books:
The End of Ideology: On the Exhuastion of Political Ideas in the Fifties (1960, politics)
The Reforming of General Education: The Columbia College Experience in Its National Setting (1966, nonfiction)
The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting (1973, social studies)
The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism (1976, social studies)
The Winding Passage: Essays and Sociological Journeys, 1960-1980 (1980, essays)
The Social Sciences Since the Second World War (1981, social studies)
The Deficits: How Big? How Long? How Dangerous? (1985, politics)


New!
NNDB MAPPER
Create a map starting with Daniel Bell
Requires Flash 7+ and Javascript.

Do you know something we don't?
Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile



Copyright ©2014 Soylent Communications


Related Topics

Sociology


Helix Fossil