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E. Arthur Milne

AKA Edward Arthur Milne

Born: 14-Feb-1896
Birthplace: Hull, Yorkshire, England
Died: 21-Sep-1950
Location of death: Dublin, Ireland
Cause of death: Heart Failure

Gender: Male
Religion: Anglican/Episcopalian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Mathematician, Physicist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Kinematic relativity

British mathematician and astrophysicist E. Arthur Milne is best known for his research into the atmosphere of the Earth and Sun, internal physics of the stars, and the theory of limb darkening. He developed what is now called Milne's integral equation, and wrote extensively on the theory of relativity. He advocated a theory of dual time, where "dynamical time" (the clocks of everyday life) run simultaneously but at different rates than the "kinematic time" of subatomic phenomena.

He studied for only a year and a half at Cambridge before World War I intervened. Deemed unsuitable for military duty due to his poor eyesight, he was assigned to the Anti-Aircraft Section of the Munitions Inventions Department, where he researched fuse and explosive physics, helped develop better listening trumpets (a pre-radar aircraft detection system) and was lashed to the wings of early aircraft to take air pressure and temperature readings in flight. During World War II he researched armor piercing weaponry and the stability of projectiles. His health was always precarious, and he died of a heart attack at the age of 54, while attending a meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society in Dublin.

Father: Sidney Arthur Milne (school headmaster)
Mother: Edith Cockcroft (teacher)
Wife: Margaret Campbell Milne ("Margot", m. 1928, two daughters, one son)
Wife: Beatrice Brevoort Renwick Milne (m. 1940, d. 1945, one daughter)

    High School: Hymers College, Hull, England (1914)
    University: Cambridge University (attended 1914-16)
    Theological: Physics, Cambridge University (1919-24)
    Scholar: Cambridge Solar Physics Observatory, Cambridge University (1920-24)
    Professor: Applied Mathematics, University of Manchester (1924-29)
    Professor: Mathematics, Oxford University (1929-50)

    Royal Astronomical Society Gold Medal 1935
    Royal Medal 1941
    Bruce Medal 1945
    Member of the British Empire
    International Astronomical Union
    London Mathematical Society
    Royal Astronomical Society President (1943-45)
    Lunar Crater Milne
    Asteroid Namesake 11767 Milne
    Risk Factors: Parkinson's

Author of books:
Thermodynamics of the Stars (1930)
The White Dwarf Stars (1932)
Relativity, Gravitation and World-Structure (1935)
Kinematic Relativity (1948)
Vectorial Mechanics (1948)
Modern Cosmology and the Christian Idea of God (1952, posthumous)


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