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Occupation: Mathematician

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NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Niels Henrik Abel
Mathematician
5-Aug-1802 6-Apr-1829 Studied elliptics and hyperelliptics
Maria Gaetana Agnesi
Mathematician
16-May-1718 9-Jan-1799 Instituzioni Analitiche
Archimedes
Mathematician
c. 290 BC 211 BC Greatest of the ancient mathematicians
Michael Atiyah
Mathematician
22-Apr-1929   Atiyah-Singer index theorem
Charles Babbage
Mathematician
26-Dec-1791 18-Oct-1871 Inventor of the Difference Engine
Thomas Bayes
Mathematician
1701 7-Apr-1761 Bayes' theorem
Daniel Bernoulli
Mathematician
8-Feb-1700 27-Mar-1782 Fluid dynamics
Johann Bernoulli
Mathematician
27-Jul-1667 1-Jan-1748 L'Hôpital's rule
Lipman Bers
Mathematician
22-May-1914 29-Oct-1993 Riemann surfaces
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel
Astronomer
22-Jul-1784 17-Mar-1846 Pioneer in precision astronomy
George David Birkhoff
Mathematician
21-Mar-1884 12-Nov-1944 Modern theory of dynamical systems
David H. Blackwell
Mathematician
24-Apr-1919 8-Jul-2010 Bayesian statistics
Boethius
Philosopher
c. 470 AD 524 AD Consolation of Philosophy
George Boole
Mathematician
2-Nov-1815 8-Dec-1864 Inventor of Boolean Algebra
Ruggero Giuseppe Boscovich
Astronomer
18-May-1711 13-Feb-1787 Theoria philosophiae naturalis
Satyendra Nath Bose
Physicist
1-Jan-1894 4-Feb-1974 Bose-Einstein condensates
Pierre Bouguer
Mathematician
16-Feb-1698 15-Aug-1758 French photometrist
Nathaniel Bowditch
Astronomer
26-Mar-1773 17-Mar-1838 American Practical Navigator
Ira S. Bowen
Astronomer
21-Dec-1898 6-Feb-1973 Debunked nebulium
George Box
Mathematician
18-Oct-1919   Statistician at University of Wisconsin
Ernest W. Brown
Astronomer
29-Nov-1866 22-Jul-1938 Tables of the Motion of the Moon
Georg Cantor
Mathematician
3-Mar-1845 6-Jan-1918 Founder of set theory
Girolamo Cardano
Doctor
24-Sep-1501 21-Sep-1576 De Subtilitate
Lazare Carnot
Mathematician
13-May-1753 22-Aug-1823 Organizer for Victory
Lewis Carroll
Author
27-Jan-1832 14-Jan-1898 Alice in Wonderland
Élie Cartan
Mathematician
9-Apr-1869 6-May-1951 Spinor groups
Henri Cartan
Mathematician
8-Jul-1904 13-Aug-2008 Leader of the math Bourbakistes
Augustin-Louis Cauchy
Mathematician
21-Aug-1789 23-May-1857 Infinitesimals, theory of substitution groups
Sydney Chapman
Mathematician
29-Jan-1888 16-Jun-1970 Geomagnetism
Alonzo Church
Mathematician
14-Jun-1903 11-Aug-1995 Lambda calculus, Church-Turing thesis
Marquis de Condorcet
Philosopher
17-Sep-1743 29-Mar-1794 French Enlightenment philosopher
John Conway
Mathematician
26-Dec-1937   Game of Life
Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer
19-Feb-1473 24-May-1543 Heliocentrist, De revolutionibus
Gustave-Gaspard Coriolis
Mathematician
21-May-1792 19-Sep-1843 Coriolis force
Allan M. Cormack
Physicist
23-Feb-1924 7-May-1998 Computerized axial tomography (CAT scans)
Thomas George Cowling
Mathematician
17-Jun-1906 16-Jun-1990 Cowling model
Haskell Curry
Mathematician
12-Sep-1900 1-Sep-1982 Combinatory Logic
Jean le Rond d'Alembert
Mathematician
17-Nov-1717 29-Oct-1783 Early work in partial differential equations
George Darwin
Astronomer
9-Jul-1845 7-Dec-1912 Evolution of the Sun-Earth-Moon system
Augustus De Morgan
Mathematician
27-Jun-1806 18-Mar-1871 De Morgan's Laws
Willem de Sitter
Astronomer
6-May-1872 19-Nov-1934 Expanding space
Richard Dedekind
Mathematician
6-Oct-1831 12-Feb-1916 Developed theory of irrational numbers
John Dee
Mathematician
13-Jul-1527 26-Mar-1609 Mathematician and mystic
William Dembski
Religion
18-Jul-1960   Intelligent Design proponent
W. Edwards Deming
Mathematician
14-Oct-1900 20-Dec-1993 Quality Control guru
Democritus
Philosopher
c. 460 BC c. 370 BC Early atomic theorist
René Descartes
Philosopher
31-Mar-1596 11-Feb-1650 Discours de la Méthode
Persi Diaconis
Mathematician
31-Jan-1945   Science of random numbers
Diophantus
Mathematician
fl. 3rd c. AD fl. 3rd c. AD Arithmetica
Albrecht Dürer
Engraver
21-May-1471 6-Apr-1528 German Renaissance artist
Freeman Dyson
Physicist
15-Dec-1923   Theoretical physicist at Institute for Advanced Study
José Echegaray
Playwright
19-Apr-1832 14-Sep-1916 Nobel Prizewinning Spanish dramatist
Francis Edgeworth
Mathematician
8-Feb-1845 13-Feb-1926 Pure Theory of Taxation
Samuel Eilenberg
Mathematician
30-Sep-1913 30-Jan-1998 Category theory
Taher Elgamal
Computer Programmer
18-Aug-1955   Inventor of the Elgamal crypto algorithm
Robert Emden
Mathematician
4-Mar-1862 8-Oct-1940 Stellar structure
Eratosthenes
Mathematician
276 BC 194 BC First to measure the Earth
Paul Erdos
Mathematician
26-Mar-1913 20-Sep-1996 Loved only numbers
Euclid
Mathematician
c. 365 BC c. 275 BC Father of geometry
Eudoxus of Cnidus
Mathematician
c. 390 BC c. 340 BC Influential Greek mathematician
Leonhard Euler
Mathematician
15-Apr-1707 18-Sep-1783 The Elements of Euclid
Hugh Everett
Physicist
11-Nov-1930 19-Jul-1982 Many Worlds Theory of quantum physics
Pierre Fatou
Mathematician
28-Feb-1878 10-Aug-1929 Complex analytic dynamics
Pierre de Fermat
Mathematician
17-Aug-1601 12-Jan-1665 Fermat's Last Theorem
Leonardo Fibonacci
Mathematician
c. 1175 1250 Liber Abacis
Bruno de Finetti
Mathematician
13-Jun-1906 20-Jul-1985 Subjective probability
Ronald Fisher
Mathematician
17-Feb-1890 29-Jul-1962 Analysis of variance and covariance
Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier
Mathematician
21-Mar-1768 16-May-1830 Fourier series
Maurice Fréchet
Mathematician
2-Sep-1878 4-Jun-1973 Fréchet differential
Gottlob Frege
Mathematician
8-Nov-1848 26-Jul-1925 Mathematical logician
Martin Gardner
Mathematician
21-Oct-1914 22-May-2010 Mathematical games, Scientific American
Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician
30-Apr-1777 23-Feb-1855 Perhaps the greatest German mathematician
J. Willard Gibbs
Physicist
11-Feb-1839 28-Apr-1903 Elementary Principles in Statistical Mathematics
Kurt Gödel
Mathematician
28-Apr-1906 14-Jan-1978 Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems
Carlos de Singuenza y Góngora
Mathematician
20-Aug-1645 22-Aug-1700 Mathematician, historian of the New World
Ronald Graham
Mathematician
31-Oct-1935   Mathematician, Computer Scientist
Alexander Grothendieck
Mathematician
28-May-1928   Grothendieck topologies
Jacques-Salomon Hadamard
Mathematician
8-Dec-1865 17-Oct-1963 Prime number theorem
Sir William Rowan Hamilton
Mathematician
3-Aug-1805 2-Sep-1865 Inventor of Quaternions
G. H. Hardy
Mathematician
7-Feb-1877 1-Dec-1947 A Mathematician's Apology
Herbert A. Hauptman
Mathematician
14-Feb-1917 23-Oct-2011 X-ray diffraction studies
Hero of Alexandria
Mathematician
c. 10 AD c. 70 AD Metrica
John Herschel
Astronomer
7-Mar-1792 11-May-1871 Discovered many moons of Saturn
David Hilbert
Mathematician
23-Jan-1862 14-Feb-1943 Hilbert Space
George W. Hill
Astronomer
3-Mar-1838 16-Apr-1914 A New Theorie of Jupiter and Saturn
Hipparchus
Astronomer
c. 190 BC c. 120 BC Cataloguer of stars, trigonometrist
Grace Murray Hopper
Computer Programmer
9-Dec-1906 1-Jan-1992 Computer programming pioneer
Christiaan Huygens
Physicist
14-Apr-1629 8-Jul-1695 Wave theory of light
Kiyoshi Ito
Mathematician
7-Sep-1915 10-Nov-2008 Ito Calculus
Sir James Ivory
Mathematician
17-Feb-1765 21-Sep-1842 Ivory's Theorem
Karl Gustav Jacobi
Mathematician
10-Dec-1804 18-Feb-1851 Investigated elliptical functions
James H. Jeans
Astronomer
11-Sep-1877 16-Sep-1946 Continuous creation theory
William Stanley Jevons
Economist
1-Sep-1835 13-Aug-1882 Theory of Political Economy
Gaston Julia
Mathematician
3-Feb-1893 19-Mar-1978 Creator of the Julia Sets
Ted Kaczynski
Criminal
22-May-1942   The Unabomber
Leonid Vitalyevich Kantorovich
Mathematician
19-Jan-1912 7-Apr-1986 Linear programming
Theodore von Kármán
Mathematician
11-May-1881 7-May-1963 Kármán vortices
Johannes Kepler
Astronomer
27-Dec-1571 15-Nov-1630 Laws of Planetary Motion
Roy Kerr
Mathematician
16-May-1934   Rotating black holes
Omar Khayyam
Mathematician
18-May-1048 4-Dec-1131 Rubaiyat
Tom Kibble
Mathematician
1932   Zurek-Kibble theory
Joseph-Louis Lagrange
Mathematician
25-Jan-1736 10-Apr-1813 Mécanique Analytique
Johann Heinrich Lambert
Mathematician
26-Aug-1728 25-Sep-1777 Pyrometrie
Jonathan Homer Lane
Astronomer
9-Aug-1819 3-May-1880 Gravitational equilibrium of the Sun
Pierre-Simon Laplace
Mathematician
23-Mar-1749 5-Mar-1827 Traité du Mécanique Céleste
Adrien-Marie Legendre
Mathematician
18-Sep-1752 10-Jan-1833 Traité des Fonctions Elliptiques
Gottfried Leibniz
Mathematician
1-Jul-1646 14-Nov-1716 Co-Inventor of calculus
Tom Leighton
Mathematician
c. 1956   Co-founder of Akamai
Tullio Levi-Civita
Mathematician
29-Mar-1873 29-Dec-1941 Explored tensor calculus and PDE's
Daniel Lewin
Mathematician
14-May-1970 11-Sep-2001 Co-founder of Akamai, died in 9/11
Edward Lorenz
Scientist
23-May-1917 16-Apr-2008 Chaos theory
Ada Lovelace
Mathematician
10-Dec-1815 27-Nov-1852 Programmed the (theoretical) difference engine
Jan Lukasiewicz
Mathematician
21-Dec-1878 13-Feb-1956 Invented Reverse Polish Notation
Szolem Mandelbrojt
Mathematician
1899 1983 French Mathematician
Benoit Mandelbrot
Mathematician
20-Nov-1924 14-Oct-2010 Fractal mathematician
Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis
Astronomer
28-Sep-1698 27-Jul-1759 Sur la figure de la terre
Kurt Mendelssohn
Mathematician
7-Jan-1906 18-Sep-1980 Cryogenics and pyramids
Marin Mersenne
Mathematician
8-Sep-1588 1-Sep-1648 L'Harmonie universelle
E. Arthur Milne
Mathematician
14-Feb-1896 21-Sep-1950 Kinematic relativity
Hermann Minkowski
Mathematician
22-Jun-1864 12-Jan-1909 Minkowski space
Leon Mirsky
Mathematician
19-Dec-1918 1-Dec-1983 Transversal Theory
August Möbius
Astronomer
17-Nov-1790 26-Sep-1868 Möbius strip
Keith Moffatt
Mathematician
12-Apr-1935   Fluid dynamics
Abraham de Moivre
Mathematician
26-May-1667 27-Nov-1754 Doctrine of Chances
Charlotte E. Moore
Astronomer
24-Sep-1898 3-Mar-1990 Technetium in the Sun
John Nash
Mathematician
13-Jun-1928   Schizophrenic game theorist
Isaac Newton
Physicist
4-Jan-1643 31-Mar-1727 Father of the clockwork universe
Jean Nicholas Nicollet
Explorer
24-Jul-1786 11-Sep-1843 Surveyor of the Mississippi basin
Řystein Ore
Mathematician
7-Oct-1899 13-Aug-1968 Ring theorist
William Oughtred
Mathematician
5-Mar-1574 30-Jun-1660 Inventor of the slide rule
Drazen Pantic
Activist
1956   Micromedia activist
Seymour Papert
Computer Programmer
1-Mar-1928   Programming language LOGO
Blaise Pascal
Mathematician
19-Jun-1623 19-Aug-1662 French thinker and mathematician
John Allen Paulos
Mathematician
4-Jul-1945   Innumeracy
George Peacock
Mathematician
9-Apr-1791 8-Nov-1858 Treatise on Algebra
Giuseppe Peano
Mathematician
27-Aug-1858 20-Apr-1932 Infinitesimal calculus
Benjamin Peirce
Mathematician
4-Apr-1809 10-Jun-1880 Idempotent and nilpotent
Charles Sanders Peirce
Philosopher
10-Sep-1839 19-Apr-1914 Founder of Pragmatism
Roger Penrose
Mathematician
8-Aug-1931   Theory of cosmic censorship
Grigori Perelman
Mathematician
13-Jun-1966   Proved the Poincaré conjecture
Clifford A. Pickover
Mathematician
15-Aug-1957   Mathematician and prolific author
Mario Pieri
Mathematician
22-Jun-1860 1-Mar-1913 Italian geometer
John Playfair
Mathematician
10-Mar-1748 20-Jul-1819 Huttonian Theory of the Earth
Julius Plücker
Mathematician
16-Jul-1801 22-May-1868 Analytical geometry
Henri Poincaré
Mathematician
29-Apr-1854 17-Jul-1912 Poincaré Conjecture
Siméon-Denis Poisson
Mathematician
21-Jun-1781 25-Apr-1840 Poisson distribution
Joseph Proudman
Mathematician
30-Dec-1888 26-Jun-1975 Tidal currents
Ptolemy
Astronomer
c. 87 AD c. 150 AD Egyptian geographer and astronomer
Hilary Putnam
Philosopher
31-Jul-1926   Philosophy of Mind
Pythagoras
Mathematician
c. 580 BC c. 500 BC Pythagorean Theorem
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Mathematician
22-Dec-1887 26-Apr-1920 Self-educated mathematician
Lord Rayleigh
Physicist
12-Nov-1842 30-Jun-1919 Why the sky is blue
Martin Rees
Astronomer
23-Jun-1942   President of the Royal Society
Eric Reissner
Mathematician
5-Jan-1913 1-Nov-1996 Reissner shear-deformation plate theory
Franz Reuleaux
Mathematician
30-Sep-1829 20-Aug-1905 Father of modern kinematics
Bernhard Riemann
Mathematician
17-Sep-1826 20-Jul-1866 Topologist, also Riemann Hypothesis
David Rittenhouse
Astronomer
8-Apr-1732 26-Jun-1796 Early Pennsylvania scientist and statesman
Ron Rivest
Computer Programmer
1947   The R in RSA
Gilles Personne de Roberval
Mathematician
8-Aug-1602 27-Oct-1675 Geometry of curves
Erno Rubik
Inventor
13-Jul-1944   Rubik's Cube
Rudy Rucker
Novelist
22-Mar-1946   Author of Wetware series
Bertrand Russell
Mathematician
18-May-1872 2-Feb-1970 Mathematician, atheist, and social critic
Abdus Salam
Physicist
29-Jan-1926 21-Nov-1996 Electroweak Theory
Reinhard Selten
Economist
5-Oct-1930   Game theory
Adi Shamir
Mathematician
1952   The S in RSA
Claude Shannon
Scientist
30-Apr-1916 24-Feb-2001 Pioneer in information theory
Waclaw Sierpinski
Mathematician
14-Mar-1882 21-Oct-1969 Sierpinski's gasket
James Simons
Mathematician
c. 1938   Renaissance Technologies hedge fund
Isadore Singer
Mathematician
3-May-1924   Atiyah-Singer index theorem
Simon Stevin
Mathematician
1548 1620 Founder of hydrostatics
Ian Stewart
Mathematician
24-Sep-1945   Catastrophe theory
James Stirling
Mathematician
1692 5-Dec-1770 Methodus differentialis
George Gabriel Stokes
Physicist
13-Aug-1819 1-Feb-1903 Fluid dynamicist, optic waves
Charles François Sturm
Mathematician
29-Sep-1803 18-Dec-1855 Sturm's Theorem
James Joseph Sylvester
Mathematician
3-Sep-1814 15-Mar-1897 Studied finite analysis
Peter Guthrie Tait
Physicist
28-Apr-1831 4-Jul-1901 Treatise on Quaternions
Terence Tao
Mathematician
17-Jul-1975   Prolific math prodigy
Alfred Tarski
Mathematician
14-Jan-1902 26-Oct-1983 Tarski's indefinability theorem
Niccolò Tartaglia
Mathematician
1499 13-Dec-1557 Inaugurated science of Ballistics
Brook Taylor
Mathematician
18-Aug-1685 29-Dec-1731 Calculus of Finite Differences
D'Arcy Thompson
Biologist
2-May-1860 21-Jun-1948 On Growth and Form
Evangelista Torricelli
Mathematician
15-Oct-1608 25-Oct-1647 Inventor of the barometer
John Townsend
Mathematician
7-Jun-1868 16-Feb-1957 Electron's charge
Paul Turan
Mathematician
28-Aug-1910 26-Sep-1976 Hungarian mathematician
Alan Turing
Mathematician
23-Jun-1912 7-Jun-1954 Computing pioneer
Petr Ufimtsev
Physicist
8-Jul-1931   Physical Theory of Diffraction
John Venn
Mathematician
4-Aug-1834 4-Apr-1923 Venn diagrams
John von Neumann
Mathematician
28-Dec-1903 8-Feb-1957 Computing pioneer, inventor of Game Theory
Georgy Voronoy
Mathematician
28-Apr-1868 20-Nov-1908 Voronoi diagram
John Wallis
Mathematician
23-Nov-1616 28-Oct-1703 Arithmetica Infinitorum
James Craig Watson
Astronomer
28-Jan-1838 23-Nov-1880 Claimed to discover the planet Vulcan
William Whiston
Religion
9-Dec-1667 22-Aug-1752 Apostolical Constitutions
Alfred North Whitehead
Mathematician
15-Feb-1861 30-Dec-1947 Metaphysical mathematician
Norbert Wiener
Mathematician
26-Nov-1894 18-Mar-1964 Cybernetics
Andrew Wiles
Mathematician
11-Apr-1953   Proved Fermat's Last Theorem
Stephen Wolfram
Mathematician
29-Aug-1959   Creator of Mathematica
Iannis Xenakis
Composer
9-May-1922 4-Feb-2001 Avant-garde composer
Robert J. Zimmer
Educator
5-Nov-1947   President, University of Chicago
Max Zorn
Mathematician
6-Jun-1906 9-Mar-1993 Zorn's Lemma



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