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Santiago Ramón y Cajal

Santiago Ramón y CajalBorn: 1-May-1852
Birthplace: Petilla, Spain
Died: 17-Oct-1934
Location of death: Madrid, Spain
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Cementerio de la Almudena, Madrid, Spain

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: Hispanic
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Doctor, Scientist

Nationality: Spain
Executive summary: Structure of the nervous system

Military service: Spanish Army (1874-75, medical corps)

Santiago Ramón y Cajal used and improved Camillo Golgi's staining method to show that nervous tissue consists of billions of separate neurons, communicating with each other through electrical synapses. Cajal and Golgi were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in 1906.

Father: Justo Ramón (barber-surgeon, Professor of Anatomy at Zaragoza, d. 1903)
Mother: Antonia Cajal Puente (d. 1898)
Brother: Pedro Ramón y Cajal (Professor of Ob-Gyn at Zaragoza, b. 1854, d. 1950)
Sister: Pabla Ramón y Cajal (nurse, b. 1857)
Sister: Jorga Ramón y Cajal (b. 1859)
Wife: Silveria Fananas Garcia (m. 19-Jul-1879, d. 23-Aug-1930)
Daughter: Fe Ramon y Cajal Fananas (b. 1881)
Son: Santiago Ramon y Cajal Fananas (b. 1882, d. 1911)
Daughter: Enriqueta Ramon y Cajal Fananas (b. 1884, d. 1889)
Daughter: Paula Ramon y Cajal Fananas (b. 1885)
Son: Jorge Ramon y Cajal Fananas (physician, b. 1886)
Daughter: Pilar Ramon y Cajal Fananas (b. 1890)
Son: Luis Ramon y Cajal Fananas (b. 1892)

    High School: Institute at Huesca, Spain
    University: University of Zaragoza, Spain (1873)
    Teacher: Anatomy, University of Zaragoza (1875-76)
    Medical School: MD, Complutense University of Madrid (1877)
    Professor: Anatomy, University of Valencia (1883-87)
    Professor: Histology and Pathological Anatomy, University of Barcelona (1887-92)
    Professor: Histology and Pathological Anatomy, Complutense University of Madrid (1892-1922)
    Administrator: Cajal Institute of Neurobiology

    Helmholtz Medal 1904
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1906 (with Camillo Golgi)
    Royal Society Fellow, 1909
    Spanish Ancestry
    Risk Factors: Malaria

Author of books:
Manual of normal histology and micrographic technique (1889, textbook)
New ideas on the fine anatomy of the nerve centres (1894, textbook)
The retina of vertebrates (1894, textbook)
Manual of General Pathologic Anatomy (1896, textbook)
Texture of the nervous system of man and the vertebrates (1897, textbook)
Advice for a Young Investigator (1901, autobiography)
Histology of the Nervous System (1904, textbook)
Holiday tales (1905, science fiction stories, pen name Dr. Bacteria)
Photograph of colours (1912, textbook)
Studies on the Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System (1913, textbook)
Café Conversations (1921, memoirs)
The World from an Eighty-Year-Old's Point of View (1934, memoirs)


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