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Frederic Eugene Ives

Born: 17-Feb-1856
Birthplace: Litchfield, CT
Died: 27-May-1937
Location of death: Philadelphia, PA
Cause of death: Kidney failure

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Inventor, Photographer, Cinematographer

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Halftone process

In 1886, photographer Frederic Eugene Ives introduced a halftone process of photoengraving, wherein photographs are broken down to tiny dots of varying size but uniform spacing, creating the illusion of subtle shading. This half-tone process is still used in newspapers, offset copy machines, and laser printers. Ives also invented the photochromoscope camera, which produced a three-color negative, and he did extensive work with color and stereoscopic photography simulating three-dimensional imagery, including several early 3-D motion picture shorts. His son, Herbert E. Ives, was a leading force in the development of color television and facsimile transmission systems.

Father: Herbert Ives (b. 24-Aug-1833, d. 11-Feb-1868)
Mother: Ellen Amelia Beach Ives (m. 18-Feb-1855)
Brother: (b. 17-Feb-1856, d. infancy)
Sister: Ellen Jane Ives (b. 11-Jan-1858)
Brother: Willis Ives (b. 2-Apr-1861)
Brother: Franklin Ives (b. 6-Mar-1863)
Sister: Bertha Ives
Wife: Mary Olmstead Ives (b. circa 1858, m. 15-Jun-1879, two children)
Son: Olmstead Ives (b. circa 1881)
Son: Herbert Eugene Ives (scientist, b. 21-Jul-1882, d. 13-Nov-1953)

    Administrator: Director of Photo Lab, Cornell University (1874-78)

    Rumford Prize 1912
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    Franklin Institute

Author of books:
A Manual of Photoengraving (1902, with H. Jenkins and Stephen H. Horgan)
The Autobiography of An Amateur Inventor (1928, memoir)

Appears on postage stamps:
USA, Scott #3063 (32, issued 22-Feb-1996)


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