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Edward Titchener

AKA Edward Bradford Titchener

Born: 11-Jan-1867
Birthplace: Chichester, England
Died: 3-Aug-1927
Location of death: Ithaca, NY
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Anglican/Episcopalian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Psychologist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Structural psychology

Edward Titchener studied under Wilhelm Wundt, who had advanced psychology from a subset of philosophy to its own field, and Titchener provided the first English translation of Wundt's Principles of Physiological Psychology. He was only 28 when he was promoted to full professor at Cornell. In his teachings and textbooks he argued for what he called "structural psychology", his theory that the mind's functions -- action, affection, association, attention, imagination, memory, perception, recognition, sensation, and thought -- could be categorized as systematically as an elemental chart in chemistry. Through research based largely on his own introspection and frequently citing Wundt, Titchener postulated that complex thought was a result of a combination of thought elements.

His students included Edwin G. Boring, Abraham Maslow, and Margaret Floy Washburn, the first woman psychologist. Until his death, however, he blocked admission for women in the professional group he founded, the Society of Experimental Psychologists. A dynamic and charismatic speaker, his classes were popular, his teachings widely respected, and his textbooks studied in many colleges while he was alive, but absent Titchener's own voice, interest in his "structural psychology" waned after his death.

Father: John Titchener (Confederate soldier)
Mother: Alice Field Habin Titchener (m. 1866)
Wife: Sophie Bedlow (artist, m. 1894)

    High School: Malvern College
    University: BA Physiology, Oxford University (1892)
    University: PhD Psychology, Oxford University (1892)
    Teacher: Psychology, Cornell University (1892-95)
    Professor: Psychology, Cornell University (1895-1927)

    American Psychological Association
    Naturalized US Citizen
    English Ancestry

Author of books:
Outline of Psychology (1897)
A Primer of Psychology (1898)
Experimental Psychology (1901-05, four volumes)
Elementary Psychology of Feeling and Attention (1908)
Experimental Psychology of the Thought Processes (1909)
A Textbook of Psychology (1909-10, two volumes)
A Beginner's Psychology (1915)
Lectures on the Experimental Psychology of the Thought Processes (1909, Collected lectures)
Systematic Psychology: Prolegomena (1929, posthumous; with Harry Porter Weld)


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