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P. B. S. Pinchback

P. B. S. PinchbackAKA Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback

Born: 10-May-1837
Birthplace: Macon, GA
Died: 21-Dec-1921
Location of death: Washington D.C.
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Metairie Cemetery, New Orleans, LA

Gender: Male
Religion: Methodist
Race or Ethnicity: Multiracial
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Government, Attorney
Party Affiliation: Republican

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: First African-American US Governor

Military service: Union Army (captain, 1st Louisiana Native Guards)

Though not democratically elected, Pinchback was the first US governor of African descent. Not until nearly 120 years had passed would the next black governor, L. Douglas Wilder, take office.

"Pinchback's presence in the United States Senate is not open to the smallest objection, except the old Bourbon war-whoops of color. He is about thirty-seven years of age, not darker than an Arab. His features are regular, just perceptibly African, his eyes intensely black and brilliant, with a keen, restless glance. His most repellent point is a sardonic smile which, hovering continuously over his lips, gives him an evil look, undeniably handsome as the man is. It seems as though the scorn which must rage within him, at sight of the dirty ignorant men from the South who affect to look down upon him on account of his color, finds play imperceptibly about his lips..." -- Washington correspondent, New York Commercial Advertiser

Father: William Pinchback (white planter, d. 1848)
Mother: Eliza Stewart (freed slave)
Wife: Nina Emily Hawthorne (b. 1844, four sons, two daughters)
Daughter: Nina Pinchback (mother of Harlem Renaissance author Jean Toomer)

    High School: Gilmore High School, Cincinnati, OH
    University: Law, Straight University, New Orleans, LA (1889)
    Administrator: Trustee, Southern University

    US Senator, Louisiana (1873, unseated for alleged voter fraud)
    US Congressman, Louisiana (congressman-elect, 1872, barred from taking seat)
    Governor of Louisiana (9-Dec-1872 to 13-Jan-1873)
    Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana (1871, upon former Lt. Governor Oscar Dunn's death)
    Louisiana State Senate (1868-72)

Is the subject of books:
Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, 1973, BY: James Haskins
The Political Career of Pinckney Stewart Pinchback, 1944, BY: Agnes Smith Grosz

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