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Gilbert Stuart

Gilbert StuartAKA Gilbert Charles Stuart

Born: 3-Dec-1755
Birthplace: North Kingstown, RI
Died: 9-Jul-1828
Location of death: Boston, MA
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Old South Burial Ground, Boston, MA

Gender: Male
Religion: Anglican/Episcopalian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Painter

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: American portrait painter

American artist, was born at North Kingstown, Rhode Island, on 3 December 1755. He studied at Newport, Rhode Island, with Cosmo Alexander, and went with him to Scotland, but returned to America after Alexander's death and obtained many portrait commissions. In 1775 he went to England, and became a pupil of Benjamin West in 1778. His work, however, shows none of the influence of West, and after four years Stuart set up a studio for himself in London, meeting with much success. Living beyond his means, he got into financial difficulties, and in 1788 escaped to Dublin. In London he had painted King George III and the future George IV, and in Paris had painted Louis XVI, and his success was no less great in Ireland. After five years he left Ireland for his native land in order to paint General Washington, who was said to be the only person in whose presence Stuart found himself embarrassed, and his first portrait Stuart felt was a failure; but Washington sat to him again, the result being the "Athenaeum" head on an unfinished canvas, showing the left side of the face. This remains the accepted likeness of Washington, of whom he also painted a full-length for Lord Lansdowne; of each of these portraits he executed many replicas. Among his portraits are those of Presidents Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe and John Quincy Adams, and John Jay, Governor John Winthrop, Generals Horatio Gates and Knox, Bishop White, Chief Justice Shippen, John Singleton Copley, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Benjamin West, Lords Clinton, Lyndhurst, and Inchiquin, Sir Edward Thornton, Mme. Patterson-Bonaparte and Horace Binney. Stuart's original coloring and technique, and his insight into character, make him not only one of the few great American artists, but one of the greatest portrait painters of his time. He settled at Boston in 1805, and died there. Gilbert, a profligate spender who had unpaid creditors everywhere he lived, left his family deeply in debt.

Father: Gilbert Stuart (snuff maker)
Mother: Elizabeth Anthony
Wife: Charlotte Coates (m. 10-May-1786, d. Sep-1847, 12 children)
Daughter: Anne (d. Sep-1868)
Daughter: Jane Stuart (d. 28-Apr-1888)

    Stroke 1824
    Died Intestate
    Scottish Ancestry Paternal
    Risk Factors: Gout

Is the subject of books:
Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart, 1879, BY: George C. Mason
The Genius of Gilbert Stuart, 1999, BY: Dorinda Evans

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