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Hans von Euler-Chelpin

Hans von Euler-ChelpinAKA Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin

Born: 15-Feb-1873
Birthplace: Augsburg, Germany
Died: 7-Nov-1964
Location of death: Stockholm, Sweden
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Sweden
Executive summary: Enzymes of sugar fermentation

Military service: German Army (World War I)

Swedish chemist Hans von Euler-Chelpin studied under Max Planck, Walther Nernst and Svante Arrhenius, and described the crucial role of enzymes in fermentation, work which earned the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1929. He authored more than a thousand scientific papers, on topics ranging from co-enzymes, nucleic acids in tumors, and vitamins to the chemistry of plants, fungi, and enzymes.

He was born in Augsburg, Germany when it was part of the Kingdom of Bavaria, and became a Swedish citizen in 1902, but served in the German Army during World War I. On his mother's side he was a descendant of Swiss mathematician and physicist Leonhard Euler. His father-in-law, chemist Per Theodor Cleve, discovered the elements holmium and thulium. His son, pharmacologist Ulf von Euler, won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1970.

Father: Rigas von Euler-Chelpin (soldier, Royal Bavarian Regiment)
Mother: Gabrielle Furtner von Euler-Chelpin
Wife: Astrid Cleve von Euler (chemist, b. 1875, m. 1902, div. 1912, d. 1968, five children)
Son: Ulf von Euler (Nobel medical laureate)
Wife: Elisabeth, Baroness of Ugglas (m. 1913, four children)

    University: Munich Academy of Painting (1891-93)
    University: PhD, University of Berlin (1895)
    Scholar: Physical Chemistry, University of Berlin (1895-96)
    Scholar: Physical Chemistry, University of Göttingen (1896-97
    Scholar: Physical Chemistry, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (1897-98)
    Teacher: Chemistry, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (1898-99)
    Scholar: Chemistry, University of Berlin (1899-1900)
    Teacher: Chemistry, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (1900-06)
    Professor: General and Organic Chemistry, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (1906-27)
    Administrator: Vitamin Institute and Institute of Biochemistry, Stockholm (1927-41)

    Lindblom Prize 1898
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1929 (with Arthur Harden)
    Grand Cross for Federal Services with Star 1959
    French Academy of Sciences Corresponding Member
    German Academy of Science Foreign Member
    Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science
    Royal Institution of Great Britain Foreign Member
    Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
    Russian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Bavarian Ancestry
    German Ancestry
    Swiss Ancestry
    Naturalized Swedish Citizen 1902

Author of books:
Das Shemische Material der Pflanzen (The Chemical Material of Plants) (1908, non-fiction)
Biokemi Tumors (Biochemistry of Tumors) (1942, non-fiction; with Boleslaw Skarzynski)
Cytostatika och Profylax mot Cancer (Chemotherapy and Prophylaxis of Cancer) (1962, non-fiction)
Minnen (Memories) (1969, memoir; posthumous)

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