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Ulf von Euler

Ulf von EulerAKA Ulf Svante von Euler

Born: 7-Feb-1905
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: 9-Mar-1983
Location of death: Stockholm, Sweden
Cause of death: Complications of Surgery

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: Sweden
Executive summary: Neurotransmitters, norepinephrine and prostaglandins

Swedish physiologist and pharmacologist Ulf von Euler discovered norepinephrine (also called noradrenaline, a crucial carrier of impulses in the sympathetic nervous system) and prostaglandins (the hormones which stimulate muscle contraction and help regulate the cardiovascular and nervous systems). He studied under Nobel laureates Henry Dale, Archibald V. Hill, and Corneille Heymans, and received the Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology in 1970, sharing the honors with the American Julius Axelrod and German-born Englishman Bernard Katz. His father, Hans von Euler-Chelpin, won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1929, and his mother, Astrid Cleve, was a botany and geology professor. His godfather was Nobel laureate Svante Arrhenius, his maternal grandfather was Per Theodor Cleve, who discovered the elements holmium (Ho) and thulium (Tm), and the famed 18th-century mathematician Leonhard Euler was among his family's ancestors.

Father: Hans von Euler-Chelpin (chemist, b. 15-Feb-1873, d. 7-Nov-1964)
Mother: Astrid Cleve von Euler (biologist, b. 1875, d. 1968)
Mother: Elisabeth Baroness af Ugglas (chemist, stepmother)
Wife: Jane Sodenstierna (b. 1905, m. 12-Apr-1930, div. 1957)
Son: Hans Leo von Euler (administrator, National Institutes of Health)
Son: Johan Christopher von Euler (physician)
Daughter: Ursula Katarina von Euler (art historian)
Daughter: Marie Jane von Euler (chemist)
Wife: Dagmar Carola Adelaide Cronstedt (countess, b. 1919, m. 20-Aug-1958, d. 2006)

    University: PhD Pharmacology, Royal Caroline Institute (1930)
    Teacher: Pharmacology, Royal Caroline Institute (1930-39)
    Scholar: National Institute for Medical Research (1930)
    Scholar: University of Ghent (1931)
    Teacher: Biophysics, University College London (1934-35)
    Professor: Physiology, Royal Caroline Institute (1939-71)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1970 (with Julius Axelrod and Bernard Katz)
    American Philosophical Society
    Rockefeller Foundation (Fellowship, 1930-31)
    Nobel Foundation 1953-83 (President, 1966-75)
    German Ancestry
    Swedish Ancestry

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