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Vernon W. Hughes

AKA Vernon Willard Hughes

Born: 28-May-1921
Birthplace: Kankakee, IL
Died: 25-Mar-2003
Location of death: New Haven, CT
Cause of death: Complications of Surgery

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Muons

Physicist Vernon W. Hughes studied under Isidor Isaac Rabi, and investigated muons, an elementary particle in the lepton family having a negative electric charge. His work challenged what was then standard subatomic theory, and established evidence suggesting the existence of previously undetected matter. He developed more accurate techniques for measuring the properties of short-lived particles, for which he was awarded the Rumford Prize by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1985. During World War II, he worked on the development of improved radar at MIT's Radiation Lab.

Father: Willard Vernon Hughes
Mother: Jean Parr Hughes (librarian)
Wife: Inge Michaelson Hughes (biologist, m. 1950, d. 1979, two children)
Son: Gareth Hughes (b. 1955)
Son: Emlyn Hughes (physicist, b. 1960)
Wife: Miriam Kartch Hughes (music teacher, m. 1979)

    University: BS Physics, Columbia University (1941)
    University: MS Physics, California Institute of Technology (1942)
    Scholar: Radiation Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1942-46)
    University: PhD Physics, Columbia University (1950)
    Scholar: Mathematics, Columbia University (1950-52)
    Teacher: Physics, Columbia University (1952-53)
    Teacher: Physics, University of Pennsylvania (1953-55)
    Teacher: Physics, Yale University (1955-62)
    Professor: Physics, Yale University (1962-2003)

    Rumford Prize 1985
    American Physical Society
    National Academy of Sciences 1967

Author of books:
Atomic and Electron Physics (1967, with Howard L. Schultz, two volumes)
Facets of Physics (1970, with Gregory Breit and D. Allan Bromley)
The Meson Factories (1991, with Torlief E. O. Ericson and Darragh E. Nagle)

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