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Bengt I. Samuelsson

Bengt I. SamuelssonAKA Bengt Ingemar Samuelsson

Born: 21-May-1934
Birthplace: Halmstad, Sweden

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: Sweden
Executive summary: Prostaglandins

Swedish biochemist Bengt I. Samuelsson was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1982, sharing the honor with his mentor, Sune K. Bergström, and with British pharmacologist John R. Vane. Samuelsson, working with Bergström, was the first to describe the molecular structure of a prostaglandin. They later showed that prostaglandins come from an unsaturated fatty acid that found in some meats and vegetable oils. Working without Bergström, Samuelsson eventually showed how this arachidonic acid combines with oxygen to form prostaglandins, and identified several other prostaglandins, including thromboxane, which helps causing blood platelets to clot.

Since 1993, he has served as Chairmen of the Board for the Nobel Foundation.

Father: Anders Samuelsson
Mother: Kristina Samuelsson
Wife: Karin Bergstein Samuelsson
Daughter: Elisabet Samuelsson
Daughter: Astrid Samuelsson

    University: BS Biology, University of Lund
    University: MS Biochemistry, Royal Caroline Institute (1960)
    Medical School: MD, Royal Caroline Institute (1961)
    Teacher: Medical Chemistry, Royal Caroline Institute (1961-66)
    Scholar: Chemistry, Harvard University (1961-62)
    Professor: Veterinary Medical Chemistry, University of Stockholm (1967-72)
    Professor: Medical and Physiological Chemistry, Royal Caroline Institute (1973-)
    Professor: Chemistry, Harvard University (1976)
    Administrator: Dean of the Medical Faculty, Royal Caroline Institute (1978-83)
    Administrator: Rector, Royal Caroline Institute (1983-95)

    Lasker Award 1977
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1982 (with Sune K. Bergström and John R. Vane)
    Nobel Foundation Chairman (1993-)

Author of books:
Studies on Reaction Mechnisms in Bile Acid Formation and Metabolism (1960)
Advances in prostaglandin and thromboxane research (1976, with Rodolfo Paoletti)
Advances in Inflammation Research (1979, with Gerald Weissmann and Rodolfo Paoletti)
Leukotrienes and Other Lipoxygenase Products (1982, with Rodolfo Paoletti)
Advances in Prostaglandin, Thromboxane, and Leukotriene Research. (1983, with Rodolfo Paoletti and Peter W Ramwell)
Drugs Affecting Leukotrienes and Other Eicosanoid Pathways (1985)
Prostaglandins and Related Compounds (1987)
Prostanoids and Drugs (1989)
Trends in Eicosanoid Biology (1990)
Novel Inhibitors of Leukotrienes (1999, with Giancarlo Folco and Robert C Murphy)

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