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Sune K. Bergström

Sune K. BergströmAKA Sune Karl Bergström

Born: 10-Jan-1916
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: 15-Aug-2004
Location of death: Stockholm, Sweden
Cause of death: Illness

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: Sweden
Executive summary: Prostaglandins

Sune K. Bergström won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1982, sharing the honor with his former student, Bengt I. Samuelsson, and with an Englishman, John R. Vane. Their studies advanced scientific knowledge of prostaglandins, natural compounds made by living cells, originally discovered by Ulf von Euler. Bergstrom showed that prostaglandin is not just one chemical, but rather a whole family of substances found throughout the body. Prostaglandins protect tissue from being damaged by the body's digestive juices, are involved in the control of blood pressure and body temperature, and are important in regulating fertility. Drugs derived from prostaglandins are now widely used for birth control, in abortion, for pain relief, and to prevent blood clots.

    Scholar: University of London (1938-39)
    University: BS Biology, Royal Caroline Institute (1940)
    Scholar: Columbia University (1940-41)
    Medical School: MD, Royal Caroline Institute (1944)
    University: ScD Biochemistry, Royal Caroline Institute (1944)
    Teacher: Physiological Chemistry, Royal Caroline Institute (1944-47)
    Scholar: University of Basel (1946-47)
    Professor: Physiological Chemistry, University of Lund (1947-58)
    Professor: Chemistry, Royal Caroline Institute (1958-81)
    Administrator: Rector, Royal Caroline Institute (1969-77)

    Lasker Award 1977
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1982(with Bengt I. Samuelsson and John R. Vane)
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
    Royal Society of Edinburgh
    National Academy of Sciences
    Nobel Foundation Chairman of the Board (1975-87)
    Pontifical Academy of Sciences
    Russian Academy of Sciences
    World Health Organization Chairman of Medical Research (1977-82)
    Swedish Ancestry

Author of books:
Prostacyclin (1979, with John R Vane)

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