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Luis Leloir

Luis LeloirAKA Luis Federico Leloir

Born: 6-Sep-1906
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 2-Dec-1987
Location of death: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Cause of death: Heart Failure
Remains: Buried, La Recoleta Cemetery, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Argentina
Executive summary: Conversion of carbohydrates

Luis Leloir was born in France but raised in Argentina, educated at the University of Buenos Aires, and studied under Frederick Hopkins at Cambridge and Carl and Gerty Cori at Washington University in St. Louis. With Bernardo Houssay, he began planning the Campomar Institute of Research in Biochemistry in Buenos Aires in 1945, and after the facility opened in 1947 he served as its director for decades. In 1957 he discovered a new coenzyme, uridine triphosphate (UTP), which led to a new mechanism for synthesizing glycogen, and brought Leloir the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1970. He rarely drove and almost invariably wore gray overalls to work at the Campomar Institute, which was renamed the Leloir Institute after his death in 1987.

Father: Federico Augusto Rufino Leloir Bernal (attorney, b. 11-Aug-1859, d. 27-Aug-1906)
Mother: Hortensia Mercedes Aguirre Herrera (b. 17-Feb-1868, d. 17-Feb-1939)
Sister: Mercedes Josefina Leloir Martínez de Hoz (half-sister, b. 14-Sep-1886)
Sister: Marta María Silvia Leloir Aguirre (b. 3-Nov-1899)
Sister: Magdalena María Leloir Aguirre (b. 10-Oct-1901)
Sister: Susana María Ana Leloir Aguirre (b. 26-Jul-1903, d. 20-Jul-2002)
Brother: Guillermo Emiliano Federico Leloir Aguirre (b. 11-Dec-1904, d. 7-Nov-1952)
Wife: Amelia Zuberbuhler Ortiz Basualdo (m. 26-Nov-1943, one daughter)
Daughter: Amelia Leloir Zuberbühler

    High School: Colegio Lacordaire, Santa Fe, Argentina (attended)
    High School: Beaumont College, Old Windsor, Berkshire, England
    University: École Polytechnique (attended)
    Medical School: MD, University of Buenos Aires (1932)
    Scholar: Institute of Physiology, University of Buenos Aires (1932-36)
    Scholar: Biochemistry, Cambridge University (1936-37)
    Teacher: Pharmacology, Washington University in St. Louis (1943-44)
    Scholar: Biochemistry, Columbia University (1944-45)
    Administrator: Pre-opening work, Leloir Institute, Buenos Aires (1945-47)
    Administrator: Leloir Institute, Buenos Aires (1947-87)
    Professor: Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires (1949-87)

    Argentine Scientific Society Prize 1948
    Gairdner Foundation International Award 1966
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1970
    French Legion of Honor 1982
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences Foreign Member
    American Philosophical Society Foreign Member
    Argentine Research Council
    Argentine Society for Biochemical Research
    French Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1978
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Associate
    Pan-American Association of Biochemical Societies
    Pontifical Academy of Sciences
    Royal Society Foreign Member, 1972
    Third World Academy of Sciences Founding Member, 1983
    Heart Attack 2-Dec-1987 (fatal)
    French Ancestry
    Spanish Ancestry

Author of books:
Renal Hypertension (1946, physiology)

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