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Guillermo Haro

AKA Guillermo Haro Barraza

Born: 21-Mar-1913
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: 26-Apr-1988
Location of death: Mexico City, Mexico
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Panteón Civil de Dólores, Mexico City, Mexico

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: Hispanic
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Astronomer

Nationality: Mexico
Executive summary: Herbig-Haro objects

A philosopher by training but a stargazer at heart, Guillermo Haro became Mexico's most prominent astronomer of the 20th Century. He conducted research into flare stars (variable stars that briefly and unpredictably increase in brightness), faint blue star-like objects that emit myriad radio waves and ultraviolet radiation, blue galaxies (distant clusters of young stars), and planetary nebulae (older stars that glow more brightly after shedding their outer gaseous layers). Haro and George Herbig, working independently, discovered what are now called Herbig-Haro objects, the small bright nebula formed when material jettisoned at high speed from a new star collide with the interstellar medium. He is the namesake of the Guillermo Haro Observatory near Cananea, Mexico. His wife was the journalist Elena Poniatowska.

Wife: Elena Poniatowska (author, b. 19-May-1932, m. 27-May-1963)
Son: Emmanuel Haro Poniatowski (b. 7-Jul-1965)
Son: Felipe Haro Poniatowski (b. 4-Jun-1968)
Daughter: Paula Haro Poniatowski (b. 11-Apr-1970)

    University: BA Philosophy, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
    Scholar: Harvard College Observatory, Harvard University (1943-44)
    Scholar: Nassau Observatory, Case Western Reserve University (1944-45)
    Scholar: Yerkes Observatory, University of Chicago (1945-46)
    Scholar: McDonald Observatory, University of Texas at Austin (1946-47)
    Administrator: Associate Director, Observatory Astronómico de Tacubaya (1947-48)
    Administrator: Director, Observatory Astronómico Nacional (1948-68)
    Administrator: Director, Instituto Nacional de Astrofisica (1972-83)
    Administrator: Director, Observatory Tonantzintla (1950-83)

    Premio Universidad Nacional 1986
    Lomonosov Gold Medal 1985
    Premio Puebla de Astrofisica 1984
    Premio Nacional de Ciencia 1963
    American Astronautical Society Vice President (1960-63)
    International Astronomical Union Vice President (1961-67)
    Mexican Ancestry

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