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Georges Charpak

Georges CharpakBorn: 1-Aug-1924
Birthplace: Dabrovica, Poland
Died: 29-Sep-2010
Location of death: Paris, France
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Atheist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Subatomic particle detectors

Military service: French Resistance (WWII)

French physicist Georges Charpak won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1992 for his development of early particle detectors. His 1968 invention of the multiwire proportional chamber ended the need for physicists to develop and interpret films, and allowed the trajectories of particles' high-energy collisions to be studied and tracked with far greater spatial precision than had previously been possible. Carlo Rubbia used Charpak's technology to discover W and Z particles in 1983.

Charpak was born in Poland, but his family immigrated to France when he was a child. He considered himself French, and was actively involved in the French Resistance during World War II, for which he was arrested and imprisoned at Dachau until the camp was liberated at the conclusion of World War II. He spent most of his career and conducted his Nobel Prizewinning work at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). He also wrote popular science texts debunking such anti-scientific topics as astrology, extra sensory perception, ouija boards, supernatural phenomena, and telekinesis.

Father: Maurice Charpak
Mother: Anna Szapiro
Wife: Dominique Vidal (m. 1953, two sons, one daughter)

    High School: Lycée Saint Louis, Paris, France
    High School: Lycée Joffre, Montpellier, France
    University: BS Civil Engineering, École des Mines of Paris (1947)
    University: MS Mining Engineering, École des Mines of Paris (1948)
    Professor: PhD Physics, Collège de France (1955)
    Professor: School of Advanced Studies in Physics and Chemistry, Paris

    CERN Physicist (1959-1991)
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Physicist (1948-59)
    EPS High Energy and Particle Physics Prize 1989
    Nobel Prize for Physics 1992
    Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists Board of Sponsors
    European Physical Society
    French Academy of Sciences 1985
    Polish Ancestry
    Nazi Concentration Camp Inmate Dachau (1944-45)
    Naturalized French Citizen 1946

    Les palmes de M. Schutz (9-Apr-1997)

Author of books:
La Vie fil Tendu (Live Wire) (1993, memoir; with Dominique Saudinos)
Research on Particle Imaging Detectors (1995, physics)
Feux Follets et Champignons Nucléaires (Wisps and Nuclear Mushrooms) (1996, physics; with Richard L. Garwin)
Devenez Sorciers, Devenez Savants (Debunked!) (2002, non-fiction; with Henri Broch)

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