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Carlo Rubbia

Carlo RubbiaBorn: 31-Mar-1934
Birthplace: Gorizia, Italy

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: Italy
Executive summary: Co-Discovered W and Z particles

Italian physicist Carlo Rubbia was in charge of a team of more than 100 scientists at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) which, in 1983, found three widely predicted but previously undiscovered force-carrying particles, the W+, W-, and Z0 boson. These particles convey the weak force, one of nature's four fundamental forces. Weak force interactions occur between elementary particles involving neutrinos or antineutrinos, and are the cause of certain kinds of radioactive decay. Rubbia's work supports the "electroweak" theory of Sheldon Glashow, Abdus Salam, and Steven Weinberg. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1984, mere months after his team's discovery at CERN, sharing the honor with his colleague Simon van der Meer.

Journalist Gary Taubes's 1986 book Nobel Dreams: Power, Deceit and the Ultimate Experiment chronicled the weak force work at CERN. The book paints a less-than-flattering portrait of Rubbia as a genius of physics but also a brilliant politician and strategist whose dirty tricks and abuse of his position of authority at CERN slowed his scientific competitors, allowing his group time to claim first priority to key findings. Rubbia responded publicly by saying that the book's author "has not grasped the mechanisms of discovery processes in large-scale, collaborative science". Glashow, Rubbia's colleague at Harvard and a fellow Nobel laureate, said that the book presents "a fair picture".

In 1998 Rubbia announced that he had invented a fission fragment-powered engine for space transport vessels, and more recently he has reported developing a new means to adapt high temperature solar power for energy production.

Father: Silvio Rubbia (electrical engineer)
Mother: Bice (elementary schoolteacher)
Wife: Marisa (high school physics teacher, one daughter, one son)
Daughter: Laura (physician)
Son: André (physicist)

    University: Politecnico di Milano (briefly attended)
    University: BS, Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa (1954)
    University: PhD, University of Pisa (1957)
    University: University of Pisa
    Fellow: Columbia University (1958-59)
    Professor: University of Rome (1960-)
    Professor: Physics, Harvard University (1970-89)
    Professor: University of Pavia (1989-)

    Nobel Prize for Physics 1984 (with Simon van der Meer)
    Accademia dei Lincei
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    CERN 1961-
    CERN Director-General (1989-93)
    European Academy of Sciences
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Pontifical Academy of Sciences
    Russian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Italian Official President, Nat'l Agency for New Tech, Energy, Environment (1999-2005)
    Italian Ancestry
    Asteroid Namesake 8398 Rubbia

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