Hermann Minkowski Born: 22Jun1864 Birthplace: Kaunas, Lithuania Died: 12Jan1909 Location of death: Göttingen, Germany Cause of death: Appendicitis Remains: Buried, Friedhof Heerstraße, Berlin, Germany
Gender: Male Religion: Jewish Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Mathematician, Physicist Nationality: Germany Executive summary: Minkowski space German mathematician Hermann Minkowski began his career at the age of 18, cowinning (with respected mathematician Henry Smith) a contest sponsored by the French Academy of Science with a solution to the problem of the number of representations of an integer as the sum of five squares. He later proposed a fourdimensional 'spacetime continuum' (now called Minkowski space) to explain aspects of electrodynamics, a framework which has since been applied to a broad range of mathematical work in relativity. His students included Constantin Carathéodory and Albert Einstein, and he was a friend and frequent collaborator with mathematician David Hilbert. His brother, physician and researcher Oskar Minkowski, made the first major breakthrough toward determining the cause of diabetes, and his nephew, astrophysicist Rudolph Minkowski, observed galaxies in collision. Father: Lewin Minkowski (businessman) Mother: Rachel Taubmann Minkowski Brother: Oskar Minkowski (physician) Brother: Max Minkowski (grain wholesaler) Wife: Auguste Adler Minkowski (m. 1897, two daughters) Daughter: Lily (b. 1898) Daughter: Ruth (b. 1902)
High School: Königsberg Gymnasium, Königsberg, Germany University: University of Berlin (attended) University: PhD Mathematics, University of Königsberg (1885) Teacher: Mathematics, University of Bonn (188794) Teacher: Mathematics, University of Königsberg (189496) Professor: Mathematics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (18961902) Professor: Mathematics, University of Göttingen (190209)
Lunar Crater Minkowski (named for Minkowski and his nephew, Rudolph Minkowski) Asteroid Namesake 12493 Minkowski German Ancestry
Jewish Ancestry
Author of books:
Raum und Zeit (Space and Time) (1907) Zwei Abhand lungen über die Grundgleichungen der Elektrodynamik (Two Treatises on the Fundamental Equations of Electrodynamics) (1909) Geometrie der Zahlen (Geometry of Numbers) (1910)
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