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Oskar Minkowski

Born: 13-Jan-1858
Birthplace: Kaunas, Lithuania
Died: 18-Jul-1931
Location of death: Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Friedhof Heerstraße, Berlin, Germany

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Doctor, Scientist

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Linked pancreas to diabetes

Pathologist Oskar Minkowski determined that diabetes is caused by suppression of pancreatic substances, which were subsequently found and identified as the hormone insulin. For this, the first major breakthrough against the disease, he is the namesake of the Oskar Minkowski Award, presented annually by the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Nazis came to power in Germany shortly after Minkowski's death, but his daughter was able to secret his wife out of Germany, to live with her in Argentina. His brother was mathematician Hermann Minkowski, and his son was astrophysicist Rudolph Minkowski.

Father: Lewin Minkowski (businessman)
Mother: Rachel Taubmann Minkowski
Brother: Hermann Minkowski (mathematician)
Brother: Max Minkowski (grain wholesaler)
Wife: Marie Johanna Siegel Minkowski (m. 1894)
Daughter: Laure Minkowski
Son: Rudolph Minkowski (astrophysicist)

    Medical School: MD, University of Königsberg (1881)
    Teacher: Medicine, University of Strasbourg (1882-1904)
    Professor: Anatomy, University of Cologne (1904-05)
    Professor: Anatomy, University of Greifswald (1905-09)
    Professor: Anatomy, University of Wroclaw (1909-26)

    German Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry

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