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Moscow, Russia

LOCATION

Population:
11,273,400 (2004)

SCHOOLS

SchoolFounded
International Lenin School
1926
Moscow State University
1755

ORCHESTRA

OrchestraFounded
Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio
1930

VENUE

VenueFounded
Bolshoi Theatre
1776

COMPANY HEADQUARTERS

CompanyFounded
Gazprom
1989

BIRTHS

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Alexei A. Abrikosov
Physicist
25-Jun-1928   Particle physicist, explored superconductivity
Tsar Alexander II
Royalty
17-Apr-1818 13-Mar-1881 Tsar of Russia, 1855-81
Tsar Alexis
Royalty
19-Mar-1629 8-Feb-1676 Tsar of Russia, 1645-76
Anna
Royalty
28-Jan-1693 17-Oct-1740 Tsarina of Russia, 1730-40
Olga Baclanova
Actor
19-Aug-1896 6-Sep-1974 The Docks of New York
Andrei Bely
Author
26-Oct-1880 8-Jan-1934 Petersburg
Boris Berezovsky
Business
23-Jan-1946 23-Mar-2013 Russian oligarch, Putin critic
Max Boot
Columnist
1969   Conservative pundit
Sergey Brin
Business
21-Aug-1973   Co-Founder of Google
Nikolai Bukharin
Economist
9-Oct-1888 15-Mar-1938 Soviet theoretical economist
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Novelist
30-Oct-1821 28-Jan-1881 Crime and Punishment
André Eglevsky
Dancer
21-Dec-1917 4-Dec-1977 Preeminent ballet dancer
Valery Gergiev
Conductor
2-May-1953   Principal Conductor, LSO
Masha Gessen
Author
13-Jan-1967   The Man Without a Face
Vitaly L. Ginzburg
Physicist
4-Oct-1916 8-Nov-2009 Type-II superconductors
Leonid Hurwicz
Economist
21-Aug-1917 24-Jun-2008 Mechanism design theory
Tsar Ivan III
Royalty
22-Jan-1440 27-Oct-1505 Tsar of Russia, 1462-1505
Igor Ivanov
Government
23-Sep-1945   Russia Minister of Foreign Affairs
Wilhelm Junker
Explorer
6-Apr-1840 13-Feb-1892 Reisen in Afrika
Wassily Kandinsky
Artist
16-Dec-1866 13-Dec-1944 Abstractionist and theorist
Paul Karrer
Chemist
21-Apr-1889 18-Jun-1971 Synthesized vitamins A, B2, E, and K
Lena Katina
Musician
4-Oct-1984   t.A.T.u.'s redheaded femme
Noor Inayat Khan
Spy
1-Jan-1914 13-Sep-1944 British spy, children's author, captured by Nazis
Mikhail Khodorkovsky
Business
26-Jun-1963   Founder of Yukos, now jailed
Vladimir Komarov
Astronaut
16-Mar-1927 24-Apr-1967 Pilot of Soyuz 1 plunged to his death
Theodore Kosloff
Dancer
22-Jan-1882 22-Nov-1956 Why Change Your Wife?
Anna Kournikova
Tennis
7-Jun-1981   Attractive tennis player, 2 Grand Slam titles
Peter Kropotkin
Anarchist
21-Dec-1842 8-Feb-1921 Libertarian anarchist revolutionary
Alexander Lebedev
Business
16-Dec-1959   Russian oligarch, ex-KGB
Eugenie Leontovich
Actor
21-Mar-1900 3-Apr-1993 Russian-American stage actress
Mikhail Lermontov
Poet
15-Oct-1814 27-Jul-1841 A Hero of Our Time
Nastia Liukin
Gymnastics
30-Oct-1989   Five medals in 2008 Beijing Olympics
Yuri Luzhkov
Politician
21-Sep-1936   Mayor of Moscow, 1992-2010
Nikita Mikhalkov
Film Director
21-Oct-1945   Burnt by the Sun
Sergei V. Mikhalkov
Songwriter
13-Mar-1913 27-Aug-2009 Lyricist, Russian National Anthem
Peter D. Ouspensky
Philosopher
5-Mar-1878 2-Oct-1947 Esoteric philosopher, Tertium Organum
Alexander Ovechkin
Hockey
17-Sep-1985   Washington Capitals
Boris Pasternak
Author
10-Feb-1890 30-May-1960 Doctor Zhivago
Peter the Great
Royalty
9-Jun-1672 8-Feb-1725 Tsar of Russia, 1689-1725
Nadia Petrova
Tennis
8-Jun-1982   Hard-hitting Russian seed
Ilya Prigogine
Chemist
25-Jan-1917 28-May-2003 Theory of dissipative structures
Aleksandr Pushkin
Poet
26-May-1799 10-Feb-1837 Russia's greatest poet
Gennady Rozhdestvensky
Conductor
4-May-1931   Bolshoi, Vienna Symphony, Stockholm
Olesya Rulin
Actor
17-Mar-1986   High School Musical
Marat Safin
Tennis
27-Jan-1980   Winner of 2 Grand Slam titles
Dinara Safina
Tennis
27-Apr-1986   Champion, 2008 US Open Series
Andrei Sakharov
Physicist
21-May-1921 14-Dec-1989 Developed the Soviet hydrogen bomb
Aleksandr Scriabin
Composer
25-Dec-1871 14-Apr-1915 Prometheus: The Poem of Fire
Dimitri K. Simes
Government
?   Nixon Center
Vladimir Sokoloff
Actor
26-Dec-1889 15-Feb-1962 For Whom the Bell Tolls
Vladimir Sorokin
Author
7-Aug-1955   Wrote Goluboe Salo (Blue Lard)
Regina Spektor
Singer/Songwriter
18-Feb-1980   Anti-folk singer
Konstantin Stanislavsky
Actor
5-Jan-1863 7-Aug-1938 Inventor of "method" acting
Alexander Suvorov
Military
24-Nov-1729 18-May-1800 Russian general, fought Turks, French
Yevgeny Svetlanov
Conductor
6-Sep-1928 3-May-2002 Director, USSR State Symphony, 1965-2002
Andrey Ternovskiy
Computer Programmer
c. 1992   Chatroulette
Tsar Ivan V
Royalty
27-Aug-1666 29-Jan-1696 Nominal Tsar of Russia, 1682-96
Julia Volkova
Musician
20-Feb-1985   t.A.T.u.'s butchy brunette
Lev Yashin
Soccer
22-Oct-1929 20-Mar-1990 Soviet soccer star

DEATHS

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Tsar Alexis
Royalty
19-Mar-1629 8-Feb-1676 Tsar of Russia, 1645-76
Yuri Andropov
Head of State
14-Jun-1914 9-Feb-1984 Soviet General Secretary, 1982-84
Nikolay G. Basov
Physicist
14-Dec-1922 1-Jul-2001 Invention of the maser and laser
Warren A. Bechtel
Business
12-Sep-1872 28-Aug-1933 Founder of Bechtel Corporation
Andrei Bely
Author
26-Oct-1880 8-Jan-1934 Petersburg
Lavrenty Beria
Government
29-Mar-1899 23-Dec-1953 Chief of the NKVD, 1940-46
Aleksander Bovin
Diplomat
9-Aug-1930 29-Apr-2004 Russian Ambassador to Israel, 1991-7
Leonid Brezhnev
Head of State
19-Dec-1906 10-Nov-1982 Leader of the Soviet Union, 1964-82
Nikolai Bukharin
Economist
9-Oct-1888 15-Mar-1938 Soviet theoretical economist
Mikhail Bulgakov
Author
3-May-1891 10-Mar-1940 The Master and Margarita
Pavel A. Cherenkov
Physicist
15-Jul-1904 6-Jan-1990 Cherenkov radiation
Nikolai Cherkasov
Actor
27-Jul-1903 14-Sep-1966 Aleksandr Nevsky
Konstantin Chernenko
Head of State
24-Sep-1911 10-Mar-1985 Soviet General Secretary, 1984-85
Anatoly Dobrynin
Diplomat
19-Nov-1919 6-Apr-2010 Soviet Ambassador to the US, 1962-86
Felix Dzerzhinsky
Government
11-Sep-1877 20-Jul-1926 The Black Pope of Bolshevism
Sergei Eisenstein
Film Director
23-Jan-1898 11-Feb-1948 Alexander Nevsky
John Field
Composer
26-Jul-1782 23-Jan-1837 Irish composer of Nocturnes
Ilya M. Frank
Physicist
23-Oct-1908 22-Jun-1990 Cherenkov radiation
Yuri Gagarin
Astronaut
9-Mar-1934 27-Mar-1968 First person to orbit earth
Vitaly L. Ginzburg
Physicist
4-Oct-1916 8-Nov-2009 Type-II superconductors
Boris Godunov
Royalty
c. 1551 13-Apr-1605 Tsar of Russia, 1598-1605
Nikolai Gogol
Author
19-Mar-1809 21-Feb-1852 Dead Souls, The Overcoat
Maxim Gorky
Playwright
28-Mar-1868 17-Jun-1936 The Lower Depths
Andrei Gromyko
Politician
5-Jul-1909 2-Jul-1989 Cold War Foreign Minister of the USSR
Big Bill Haywood
Labor Leader
4-Feb-1869 18-May-1928 Industrial Workers of the World
Tsar Ivan III
Royalty
22-Jan-1440 27-Oct-1505 Tsar of Russia, 1462-1505
Ivan the Terrible
Royalty
25-Aug-1530 18-Mar-1584 Russian Tsar, 1533-84
Leonid Vitalyevich Kantorovich
Mathematician
19-Jan-1912 7-Apr-1986 Linear programming
Pyotr Kapitsa
Physicist
8-Jul-1894 8-Apr-1984 Discovered superfluidity
Babrak Karmal
Head of State
6-Jan-1929 3-Dec-1996 President of Afghanistan, 1979-86
Aram Khachaturian
Composer
24-May-1903 1-May-1978 Gayane
Nikita Khrushchev
Head of State
5-Apr-1894 11-Sep-1971 Deposed leader of the Soviet Union
Paul Klebnikov
Journalist
3-Jun-1963 9-Jul-2004 Forbes journalist, killed in Moscow
Alexei Kosygin
Head of State
20-Feb-1904 18-Dec-1980 Premier of the Soviet Union, 1964-80
Nikolai Krylenko
Government
2-May-1885 29-Jul-1938 Soviet prosecutor executed during the Great Purge
Vardan Kushnir
Criminal
22-Nov-1969 24-Jul-2005 Russian spammer, murdered
Lev Landau
Physicist
22-Jan-1908 1-Apr-1968 Superfluidity of helium
Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz
Poet
12-Jan-1751 24-May-1792 Sturm und Drang movement
Maxim Litvinov
Government
17-Jul-1876 31-Dec-1951 Soviet foreign minister, ousted in nod to Hitler
Alexander Luria
Psychologist
16-Jul-1902 14-Aug-1977 Pioneer of neuropsychology
Donald Maclean
Spy
25-May-1913 6-Mar-1983 Spy for Moscow, Cambridge Five
Tsar Michael
Royalty
22-Jul-1596 12-Jul-1645 Tsar of Russia, 1613-45
Sergei V. Mikhalkov
Songwriter
13-Mar-1913 27-Aug-2009 Lyricist, Russian National Anthem
Anastas Mikoyan
Politician
25-Nov-1895 21-Oct-1978 Knew where the shrimps stay in winter
Vyacheslav Molotov
Government
9-Mar-1890 8-Nov-1986 Stalin's right-hand-man
Tsar Peter II
Royalty
23-Oct-1715 29-Jan-1730 Tsar of Russia, 1727-30
Philaret
Royalty
1553 12-Oct-1633 Patriarch of Moscow
Kim Philby
Spy
1-Jan-1912 11-May-1988 One of the Cambridge Five in MI6
Nikolai Podgorny
Head of State
18-Feb-1903 11-Jan-1983 President of the USSR, 1965-77
Aleksandr M. Prokhorov
Physicist
11-Jul-1916 8-Jan-2002 Invention of the maser and laser
Sergei Prokofiev
Composer
23-Apr-1891 5-Mar-1953 Peter and the Wolf
Emelian Pugachev
Anarchist
1740 10-Jan-1775 Bloody insurrectionist in southern Russia, 1773-74
Jack Reed
Activist
22-Oct-1887 19-Oct-1920 Ten Days That Shook the World
Mstislav Rostropovich
Cellist
27-Mar-1927 27-Apr-2007 Cellist and conductor
Andrei Sakharov
Physicist
21-May-1921 14-Dec-1989 Developed the Soviet hydrogen bomb
Aleksandr Scriabin
Composer
25-Dec-1871 14-Apr-1915 Prometheus: The Poem of Fire
Nikolay Semyonov
Chemist
15-Apr-1896 25-Sep-1986 Combustion, explosions, and chemical kinetics
Iosif S. Shklovskii
Astronomer
1-Jul-1916 3-Mar-1985 Synchrotron radiation of the Crab Nebula
Dmitri Shostakovich
Composer
25-Sep-1906 9-Aug-1975 Symphony No. 7
Alexander Solzhenitsyn
Author
11-Dec-1918 3-Aug-2008 The Gulag Archipelago
Josef Stalin
Head of State
18-Dec-1878 5-Mar-1953 Brutal dictator, Soviet Union
Konstantin Stanislavsky
Actor
5-Jan-1863 7-Aug-1938 Inventor of "method" acting
Aleksandr Sumarokov
Playwright
14-Nov-1717 12-Oct-1777 Founder of Russian classical drama
Yevgeny Svetlanov
Conductor
6-Sep-1928 3-May-2002 Director, USSR State Symphony, 1965-2002
Igor Y. Tamm
Physicist
8-Jul-1895 12-Apr-1971 Cherenkov radiation
Vladimir Tatlin
Sculptor
16-Dec-1885 31-May-1953 Monument to the Third International
Nikolai Tikhonov
Politician
14-May-1905 1-Jun-1997 Premier of the Soviet Union, 1980-85
Tsar Ivan V
Royalty
27-Aug-1666 29-Jan-1696 Nominal Tsar of Russia, 1682-96
Raoul Wallenberg
Activist
4-Aug-1912 16-Jul-1947 Worked to save Hungarian Jews
Henryk Wieniawski
Violinist
10-Jul-1835 31-Mar-1880 Polish violinist and composer
Lev Yashin
Soccer
22-Oct-1929 20-Mar-1990 Soviet soccer star
Boris Yeltsin
Head of State
1-Feb-1931 23-Apr-2007 First president of post-Soviet Russia
Georgi Zhukov
Military
1-Dec-1896 18-Jun-1974 Soviet commander during WWII
Grigory Zinoviev
Government
23-Sep-1883 25-Aug-1936 Old Bolshevik executed during the Great Purge



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