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Alexei A. Abrikosov

Alexei A. AbrikosovAKA Alexei Alexeevich Abrikosov

Born: 25-Jun-1928
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Particle physicist, explored superconductivity

Russian physicist Alexei A. Abrikosov studied under Lev Landau, and predicted the existence of type-II superconductivity in 1957. Superconductivity is the phenomenon wherein electrical resistance declines to nothingness at temperatures approaching absolute zero (0 Kelvin or -273.15 Celsius). Type-II superconductivity, compared to "ordinary" superconductivity, exhibits a more gradual transition from superconducting to more normal states as the strength of a magnetic field increases, with material retaining its superconductivity at somewhat higher temperatures and stronger magnetic fields. Abrikosov also developed the Abrikosov vortex lattice theory to explain the quirks and characteristics of type-II superconductivity. He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2003, and has studied and written extensively on astrophysics, magnetism, molecular physics, plasma theory, quantum electrodynamics, quantum liquids, semiconductors, semimetals, statistical physics, superconductivity, and the theory of metals.

Not related and not to be confused with Soviet movie star Alexei L. Abrikosov (1906-1973), who starred in Sergei Eisenstein's Alexander Nevsky.

Father: Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov (physician)
Mother: Fanny Davidovna Vulf (physician)
Wife: Svetlana Yuriyevna Bunkova (m. 1977, two sons, one daughter)

    University: BS Physics, Moscow State University (1948)
    University: PhD Physics, P.L. Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems (1951)
    Teacher: Physics, P.L. Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems (1951-55)
    Teacher: Physics, Moscow State University (1951-61)
    Professor: Physics, Physical and Mathematical Sciences (1955-65)
    Professor: Physics, Moscow State University (1961-76)
    Administrator: Condensed Matter Lab, Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (1965-88)
    Professor: Theoretical Physics, Moscow Technical Institute (1976-91)
    Administrator: Troitsk Institute for High Pressure Physics (1988-91)
    Professor: Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago (1994-)

    Lenin Prize 1966 (with Vitaly L. Ginzburg)
    Fritz London Memorial Prize 1972
    State Prize of the USSR 1982
    RAS L.D. Landau Award 1989
    TMS John Bardeen Award 1991
    Nobel Prize for Physics 2003 (with Vitaly L. Ginzburg and Anthony J. Leggett)
    Argonne National Laboratory Director (1991-)
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1991
    American Physical Society 1992
    National Academy of Sciences 2000
    Royal Society Foreign Member, 2001
    Russian Academy of Sciences 1964
    Jewish Ancestry
    Russian Ancestry
    Naturalized US Citizen 1999

Author of books:
Quantum Field Theory Methods in Statistical Physics (1961, physics)
Introduction to the Theory of Normal Metals (1971, physics)
Fundamentals of the Theory of Metals (1988, physics)


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