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National Institute of Standards and Technology

US GOVERNMENT OFFICE

Called the National Bureau of Standards until 1988.

"Founded in 1901, NIST is a non-regulatory federal agency within the U.S. Commerce Department's Technology Administration. NIST's mission is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life."

Official Website:
http://www.nist.gov/

Location:
Gaithersburg, MD

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Harold D. Babcock
Astronomer
24-Jan-1882 8-Apr-1968 Solar radiation
Walter H. Brattain
Physicist
10-Feb-1902 13-Oct-1987 Co-Inventor of the transistor
Vint Cerf
Scientist
23-Jun-1943   Co-Designed Internet's TCP-IP protocol
William W. Coblentz
Astronomer
20-Nov-1873 15-Sep-1962 Infrared spectroscopy
Edward Condon
Physicist
2-Mar-1902 26-Mar-1974 Quantum Mechanics
Robert F. Curl, Jr.
Chemist
23-Aug-1933   Co-Discovered fullerines
John C. Garand
Inventor
1-Jan-1888 16-Feb-1974 M-1 semiautomatic rifle
Louise K. Goeser
Business
c. 1952   CEO of Ford Mexico
Mayo D. Hersey
Engineer
30-Aug-1886 5-Sep-1978 Tribology
Roald Hoffmann
Chemist
18-Jul-1937   Woodward-Hoffmann reaction
Robert Hofstadter
Physicist
5-Feb-1915 17-Nov-1990 Size, shape, and structure of neutrons and protons
Deborah S. Jin
Physicist
c. 1968   Created a fermionic condensate
Polykarp Kusch
Physicist
26-Jan-1911 20-Mar-1993 Magnetic moment of the electron
Jonathan Homer Lane
Astronomer
9-Aug-1819 3-May-1880 Gravitational equilibrium of the Sun
Robert Mehrabian
Business
31-Jul-1941   CEO of Teledyne
Paul W. Merrill
Astronomer
15-Aug-1887 19-Jul-1961 S-process of nucleosynthesis
Charlotte E. Moore
Astronomer
24-Sep-1898 3-Mar-1990 Technetium in the Sun
William D. Phillips
Physicist
5-Nov-1948   Trapped atoms with laser light
Grote Reber
Astronomer
22-Dec-1911 20-Dec-2002 First radio astronomer
Robert C. Richardson
Physicist
26-Jun-1937   Superfluidity of helium-3
Dan Shechtman
Chemist
24-Jan-1941   Discovered quasicrystals


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