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Dan Shechtman

AKA Daniel Shechtman

Born: 24-Jan-1941
Birthplace: Tel Aviv, Israel

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Israel
Executive summary: Discovered quasicrystals

Israeli chemist Dan Shechtman discovered quasicrystals in 1982, when he noticed the unusual characteristics of a new crystal of aluminum and manganese he had made in his laboratory. Until Shechtman's discovery, all known crystalline solids had displayed a regular repeating pattern, but quasicrystals follow a set pattern without repeating themselves. This was beyond groundbreaking — it was considered simply impossible, and Shechtman was asked to leave the research group he had been working with, for "bringing disgrace" on the team. After publishing his results, Shechtman was mocked by the world's leading chemists, including Linus Pauling, who said publicly, "Shechtman is talking nonsense. There is no such thing as quasicrystals, only quasi-scientists." By 1987, however, scientists in France and Japan had duplicated and built on his results, and in 2011 Shechtman was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

Wife: Tzipora Shechtman (psychologist at Haifa University)
Daughter: Ella Shechtman-Cory (psychologist)
Daughter: Ruth Dougoud-Nevo (psychologist)
Daughter: Tamar Finkelstein (dentist)
Son: Yoav Shechtman (physicist)

    University: BS Mechalical Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology (1966)
    University: MA Materials Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology (1968)
    University: PhD Materials Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology (1972)
    Lecturer: Materials Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology (1975-84)
    Teacher: Assoc. Prof. of Materials Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology (1984-86)
    Professor: Materials Engineering, Israel Institute of Technology (1986-present)

    Israel Prize 1998
    Wolf Prize in Physics 1999
    RSAS Gregori Aminoff Prize 2000
    EMET Prize in Chemistry 2002
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2011
    National Academy of Engineering Foreign Member
    National Research Council Fellowship (1972-75)
    National Institute of Standards and Technology Fellowship (1992-94)
    Jewish Ancestry

Official Website:
http://materials.technion.ac.il/st/


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