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José Echegaray

José EchegarayAKA José Echegaray y Eizaguirre

Born: 19-Apr-1832
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: 14-Sep-1916
Location of death: Madrid, Spain
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Cementerio Sacramental de San Isidro, Madrid, Spain

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: Hispanic
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Playwright, Mathematician, Government

Nationality: Spain
Executive summary: Nobel Prizewinning Spanish dramatist

Playwright José Echegaray was a respected mathematician before turning to theater, and also served as head of several different Ministries in the revolutionary government that followed the toppling of Queen Isabella II. He generally withdrew from public life after the Spanish monarchy was restored to power. His first play, El libro talonario (The Checkbook), was written in his late-30s and not produced until he was 42 years of age, but after its success he became a prolific playwright, authoring dozens of plays that were wildly popular in his native Spain.

His works pioneered the scripted use of relatively elaborate special effects to add to the illusion of stage plays, including the first controlled use of dynamite in theater. His most popular and widely produced play was El gran Galeoto (The Great Galeotto), a melodrama in which a man's platonic love for a married woman is intentionally misunderstood. He shared the 1904 Nobel Prize for Literature with French poet Frédéric Mistral, and died in 1916. Echegaray's plays have rarely been produced in recent decades.

Father: (Professor of Greek)
Mother: (m.)

    University: Mathematics, Escuela de Caminos (1853)
    Professor: Mathematical Physics, Escuela de Caminos (1853-68)

    Nobel Prize for Literature 1904, with Frédéric Mistral
    Order of the Golden Fleece 1912
    Society of Political Economy
    Spanish Minister Minister of Commerce
    Spanish Minister Minister of Education
    Spanish Minister Minister of Education
    Member of Spanish Parliament 1869
    Spanish Academy of Sciences
    Basque Ancestry
    Spanish Ancestry

Author of books:
Problems de Geometría Analítica (1885, mathematics)
Teorías Modernas de la Física Unidad de las Fuerzas Materiales (1887, mathematics)

Wrote plays:
El libro talonario (1874)
La esposa del vengador (1874)
La última noche (1875)
En el puño de la espada (1875)
Un sol que nace ye un sol que muere (1875)
Cómo empieza y cómo acaba (1876)
O locura ó santidad (1877)
Para tal culpa tal pena (1877)
Lo que no puede decirse (1877)
En el pilar y en la cruz (1878)
Correr en pos de un ideal (1878)
Algunas veces aquí (1878)
Morir por no despertar (1879)
En el seno de la muerte (1879)
Mar sin orillas (1879)
La Muerte en los labios (1880)
El gran Galeoto (1881)
Haroldo el Normando (1881)
Los dos curiosos impertinentes (1882)
Conflicto entre dos deberes (1882)
Un milagro en Egipto (1883)
Piensa mal ... y acertarás? (1884)
La Peste de Otranto (1884)
Vida alegre y muerte triste (1885)
El bandido Lisandro (1886)
De mala raza (1886)
El conde Lotario (1887)
Dos fanatismos (1887)
La realidad y el delirio (1887)
El hijo de hierro y el hijo de carne (1888)
Lo sublime en lo vulgar (1888)
Manantial que no se agota (1889)
Los rígidos (1889)
Siempre en ridículo (1890)
El prólogo de un drama (1890)
Irene de Otranto (1891)
Un crítico incipiente (1891)
Comedia sin desenlace (1891)
El hijo de Don Juan (1892)
Sic vos non vobis, ó La última Limosna (1892)
Mariana (1892)
El poder de la impotencia (1893)
A la orilla del mar (1893)
La rencorosa (1894)
Mancha que limpia (1895)
El primer acto de un drama (1895)
El Estigma (1895)
Amor salvage (1896)
La calumnia por castiga (1897)
La duda (1898)
El hombre negro (1898)
Silencio de muerte (1898)
El loco Dios (1900)
Malas herencias (1902)
La escalinata de un trono (1903)
La desequilibrada (1903)
A fuerza de arrastrarse (1905)
El preferido y los cenicientos (1908)


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