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John Archibald Wheeler

John Archibald WheelerBorn: 9-Jul-1911
Birthplace: Jacksonville, FL
Died: 13-Apr-2008
Location of death: Hightstown, NJ
Cause of death: Pneumonia

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: The Mechanism of Nuclear Fission

Co-author, with Niels Bohr, of the paper "The Mechanism of Nuclear Fission" (1939), instrumental in the development of the atomic bomb. He worked at Los Alamos Laboratories on the Hydrogen Bomb, 1949-52. Among his later theories included that of gravitational collapse, and he coined the term "black hole". In the 1960s he made attempts at a unified field theory, which he dubbed geometrodynamics, but it imperfectly explained the present state of physics and he abandoned it. He also produced one of the best quotes of physics, "Time is what prevents everything from happening at once."

Wife: Janette Hegner (m. 1935, d. 2007, two daughters, one son)
Daughter: Alison Wheeler Lahnston
Daughter: Letitia Wheeler Ufford
Son: James English Wheeler

    High School: Baltimore City College
    University: PhD, Johns Hopkins University (1933)
    University: University of Copenhagen
    Professor: University of North Carolina
    Professor: Princeton University (1938-76)
    Professor: University of Texas at Austin (1976-)

    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    JASON
    Enrico Fermi Award 1968
    Oersted Medal 1983
    Albert Einstein Medal 1988
    Matteucci Medal 1993
    Wolf Prize in Physics 1997
    Manhattan Project

Author of books:
Spacetime Physics (1963, with Edwin Taylor)
Gravitation Theory and Gravitational Collapse (1965)
Einstein's Vision (1968)
Gravitation (1973, with Misner and Thorne)
Frontiers of Time (1979)
Quantum Theory and Measurement (1983, with others)
Geons, Black Holes, and Quantum Foam (1998, memoir)
Exploring Black Holes (2000, with Edwin Taylor)


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