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Manhattan Project

GROUP

The US government's super-secret program to produce an atomic bomb for use during World War II.

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Luis W. Alvarez
Physicist
13-Jun-1911 1-Sep-1988 Particle accelerator, extinction of dinosaurs
Harold D. Babcock
Astronomer
24-Jan-1882 8-Apr-1968 Solar radiation
Kenneth Bainbridge
Physicist
27-Jul-1904 14-Jul-1996 Director of the Trinity atomic test
Hans Bethe
Physicist
2-Jul-1906 6-Mar-2005 Atomic scientist
Felix Bloch
Physicist
23-Oct-1905 10-Sep-1983 Nuclear magnetic resonance
Aage N. Bohr
Physicist
19-Jun-1922 8-Sep-2009 Determined shapes of nuclei
Niels Bohr
Physicist
7-Oct-1885 18-Nov-1962 Father of Quantum Theory
Gregory Breit
Physicist
14-Jul-1899 11-Sep-1981 Proton-proton dispersion
Vannevar Bush
Scientist
11-Mar-1890 30-Jun-1974 Pre-internet visionary
Melvin Calvin
Chemist
8-Apr-1911 8-Jan-1997 Deciphered photosynthesis
Walter S. Carpenter, Jr.
Business
8-Jan-1888 1976 President of DuPont, 1940-48
James Chadwick
Physicist
20-Oct-1891 24-Jul-1974 Discovered the neutron
Owen Chamberlain
Physicist
10-Jul-1920 28-Feb-2006 Co-Discoverer of the antiproton
Samuel T. Cohen
Physicist
25-Jan-1921 28-Nov-2010 Neutron bomb
Arthur H. Compton
Physicist
10-Sep-1892 15-Mar-1962 Discovered the Compton Effect
Karl T. Compton
Physicist
15-Sep-1887 22-Jun-1954 Bikini Island atomic tests
James B. Conant
Educator
26-Mar-1893 11-Feb-1978 President of Harvard, 1933-53
Edward Condon
Physicist
2-Mar-1902 26-Mar-1974 Quantum Mechanics
George A. Cowan
Physicist
15-Feb-1920 20-Apr-2012 Founder, Santa Fe Institute
Harry K. Daghlian
Physicist
4-May-1921 15-Sep-1945 Casualty of the Manhattan Project
Martin Deutsch
Physicist
29-Jun-1917 16-Aug-2002 Discovered positronium
Albert Einstein
Physicist
14-Mar-1879 18-Apr-1955 Theory of relativity
Enrico Fermi
Physicist
29-Sep-1901 29-Nov-1954 First controlled nuclear chain reaction
Richard Feynman
Physicist
11-May-1918 15-Feb-1988 Surely he's joking
Val Fitch
Physicist
10-Mar-1923   Time not necessarily reversible
William A. Fowler
Astronomer
9-Aug-1911 14-Mar-1995 Element generation within stars
James Franck
Physicist
26-Aug-1882 21-May-1964 Franck-Hertz experiment
Otto Robert Frisch
Physicist
1-Oct-1904 22-Sep-1979 Described fission
Klaus Fuchs
Spy
29-Dec-1911 28-Jan-1988 Manhattan Project scientist, spy for USSR
Roy J. Glauber
Physicist
1-Sep-1925   Quantum optics
Maria Goeppert-Mayer
Physicist
28-Jun-1906 20-Feb-1972 Shell nuclear model
Samuel Goudsmit
Physicist
11-Jul-1902 4-Dec-1978 Conceived idea of Quantum Spin
Gordon Gould
Physicist
17-Jul-1920 16-Sep-2005 Invented the laser, arguably
David Greenglass
Spy
2-Mar-1922   Gave atomic secrets to Julius Rosenberg
Leslie R. Groves
Military
17-Aug-1896 13-Jul-1970 Director of the Manhattan Project
Mayo D. Hersey
Engineer
30-Aug-1886 5-Sep-1978 Tribology
William A. Higinbotham
Physicist
25-Oct-1910 10-Nov-1994 Physicist, Tennis for Two
Donald F. Hornig
Educator
17-Mar-1920 21-Jan-2013 President of Brown University, 1970-76
Jerome Karle
Chemist
18-Jun-1918   X-Ray diffraction studies
Ernest Lawrence
Physicist
8-Aug-1901 27-Aug-1958 Inventor of the cyclotron
Willard F. Libby
Chemist
17-Dec-1908 8-Sep-1980 Carbon-14 dating technique
Alfred Lee Loomis
Physicist
4-Nov-1887 1-Aug-1975 Millionaire scientist
John J. McCloy
Military
31-Mar-1895 11-Mar-1989 World Bank, Warren Commission
Edwin M. McMillan
Physicist
18-Sep-1907 7-Sep-1991 Discovered neptunium and plutonium
Philip Moon
Physicist
17-May-1907 9-Oct-1994 Gamma ray fluorescence
Robert S. Mulliken
Chemist
7-Jun-1896 31-Oct-1986 Molecular orbital theory
Mark Oliphant
Physicist
8-Oct-1901 14-Jul-2000 Deuterium reactions
Frank Oppenheimer
Physicist
14-Aug-1912 3-Feb-1985 Founder of the Exploratorium
Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist
22-Apr-1904 18-Feb-1967 Physicist, headed the Manhattan Project
Pief Panofsky
Physicist
24-Apr-1919 24-Sep-2007 Stanford Linear Accelerator
Rudolf Peierls
Physicist
5-Jun-1907 19-Sep-1995 Frisch-Peierls Memorandum
Gilbert Plass
Physicist
22-Mar-1922 1-Mar-2004 Climate change scientist
James Rainwater
Physicist
9-Dec-1917 31-May-1986 Determined shapes of nuclei
Norman F. Ramsey
Physicist
27-Aug-1915 4-Nov-2011 Energy levels of atoms
Frederick Reines
Physicist
16-Mar-1918 26-Aug-1998 Co-Discover of the neutrino
Bruno Rossi
Astronomer
13-Apr-1905 21-Nov-1993 Rossi curve and magnetopause
Joseph Rotblat
Physicist
4-Nov-1908 31-Aug-2005 Nuclear physicist, anti-nuke activist
Julian Schwinger
Physicist
12-Feb-1918 16-Jul-1994 Quantum electrodynamics
Glenn Seaborg
Physicist
19-Apr-1912 25-Feb-1999 Co-Discoverer of Plutonium
Emilio Segrè
Physicist
30-Jan-1905 22-Apr-1989 Co-Discoverer of the antiproton
Maurice M. Shapiro
Physicist
13-Nov-1915 27-Feb-2008 Composition and origin of cosmic rays
William Shurcliff
Physicist
27-Mar-1909 20-Jun-2006 Manhattan Project physicist
Louis Slotin
Physicist
1-Dec-1910 30-May-1946 Died tickling the dragon's tail
Chauncey Starr
Physicist
14-Apr-1912 17-Apr-2007 Electric Power Research Institute
Henry L. Stimson
Government
21-Sep-1867 20-Oct-1950 US Secretary of War 1911-13, 1940-45
Leo Szilard
Physicist
11-Feb-1898 30-May-1964 Nuclear chain reaction
Edward Teller
Physicist
15-Jan-1908 9-Sep-2003 Father of the Hydrogen Bomb
Paul Tibbets
Military
23-Feb-1915 1-Nov-2007 Pilot of the Enola Gay
Harold C. Urey
Chemist
29-Apr-1893 5-Jan-1981 Discovered Deuterium
John H. van Vleck
Physicist
13-Mar-1899 27-Oct-1980 Quantum theory of paramagnetism
John von Neumann
Mathematician
28-Dec-1903 8-Feb-1957 Computing pioneer, inventor of Game Theory
Alvin M. Weinberg
Physicist
20-Apr-1915 18-Oct-2006 Nuclear scientist
Victor Weisskopf
Physicist
19-Sep-1908 21-Apr-2002 Head of CERN, 1961-65
John Archibald Wheeler
Physicist
9-Jul-1911 13-Apr-2008 The Mechanism of Nuclear Fission
Eugene Wigner
Physicist
17-Nov-1902 1-Jan-1995 Law of conservation of parity
Maurice Wilkins
Biologist
15-Dec-1916 5-Oct-2004 Took X-ray pictures of DNA
Leona Woods
Physicist
9-Aug-1919 10-Nov-1986 Physicist at University of Chicago


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