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Henry Laurens Dawes

Henry Laurens DawesBorn: 30-Oct-1816
Birthplace: Cummington, MA
Died: 5-Feb-1903
Location of death: Pittsfield, MA
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Politician
Party Affiliation: Republican

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: US Senator from Massachusetts, 1875-93

American lawyer, was born at Cummington, Massachusetts, on the 30th of October 1816. After graduating at Yale in 1839, he taught for a time at Greenfield, Massachusetts, and also edited The Greenfield Gazette. In 1842 he was admitted to the bar and began the practice of law at North Adams, where for a time he conducted The Transcript. He served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1848-49 and in 1852, in the state Senate in 1850, and in the Massachusetts constitutional convention in 1853. From 1853 to 1857 he was United States district attorney for the western district of Massachusetts; and from 1857-75 he was a Republican member of the national House of Representatives. In 1875 he succeeded Charles Sumner as senator from Massachusetts, serving until 1893. During this long period of legislative activity he served in the House on the committees on elections, ways and means, and appropriations, took a prominent part in the anti-slavery and reconstruction measures during and after the Civil War, in tariff legislation, and in the establishment of a fish commission and the inauguration of daily weather reports. In the Senate he was chairman of the committee on Indian affairs, and gave much attention to the enactment of laws for the benefit of the Indians. On leaving the Senate, in 1893, he became chairman of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes (sometimes called the Dawes Indian Commission), and served in this capacity for ten years, negotiating with the tribes for the extinction of the communal title to their land and for the dissolution of the tribal governments, with the object of making the tribes a constituent part of the United States. Dawes died at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, on the 5th of February 1903.

    University: Yale University (1839)

    US Senator, Massachusetts (1875-93)
    US Congressman, Massachusetts (1857-75)
    US Attorney Western District, Massachusetts (1853-57)
    Massachusetts State House of Representatives (1852)
    Massachusetts State Senate (1850)
    Massachusetts State House of Representatives (1848-49)


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