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Frank W. Dyson

AKA Frank Watson Dyson

Born: 8-Jan-1868
Birthplace: Ashby de la Zouch, Leicestershire, England
Died: 25-May-1939
Location of death: en route from Australia to England
Cause of death: Illness
Remains: Buried, at sea, off the coast of Africa

Gender: Male
Religion: Baptist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Astronomer

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Six pips on the BBC

Astronomer Frank W. Dyson studied stellar parallaxes, starstreams, solar eclipses, and the spectrum of the solar chromosphere, and with Arthur Eddington he confirmed that Albert Einstein was right about how gravity bends light. Dyson was a founding member of the International Astronomical Union, and a driving force behind establishment of the International Council for Science, an umbrella group of scientific organizations. As timekeeper at Greenwich, he suggested and in 1924 instigated the familiar six-pip signal that is still used by the British Broadcasting Corporation to mark the last six seconds of the hour before newscasts.

Father: Watson Dyson (Baptist minister, b. circa 1838)
Mother: Frances Dodwell Dyson ("Fanny", b. 1839, m. 1866)
Sister: Ethel Mary Dyson (b. circa 1869)
Brother: Edgar Dyson (b. circa 1870)
Wife: Caroline Bissett Best Dyson (d. 1937, two sons, six daughters)

    High School: Bradford Grammar School, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
    University: Cambridge University (1889)
    Scholar: Chief Assistant, Royal Observatory at Greenwich (1894-1905)
    Administrator: Director, Royal Observatory at Edinburgh (1905-10)
    Administrator: Director, Royal Observatory at Greenwich (1911-33)

    Knight of the British Empire 1926
    Royal Astronomical Society Gold Medal 1925
    Bruce Medal 1922
    Royal Medal 1921
    International Astronomical Union President (1928-32)
    British Astronomical Association President (1916-18)
    British Horological Institute President
    International Astronomical Union
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Associate
    Royal Astronomical Society President (1911-13)
    Royal Society Vice President (1913-14)
    Astronomer Royal of England (1910-33)
    Astronomer Royal of Scotland (1905-11)
    Lunar Crater Crater Dyson
    Asteroid Namesake 1241 Dysona

Author of books:
Astronomy: A Handy Manual for Students and Others (1913)
Eclipses of the Sun and Moon (1937, with Richard van der Riet Woolley)


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