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Henry Dale

Henry DaleAKA Henry Hallett Dale

Born: 9-Jun-1875
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 23-Jul-1968
Location of death: Cambridge, England
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Acetylcholine as a neurotransmitter

English neuroscientist Henry Hallett Dale was the first researcher to identify and describe histamines, and concluded that these amine compounds trigger some allergic and anaphylactic reactions. In 1914 he isolated acetylcholine, and established its role in role in transmission of nerve impulses. He was knighted in 1932, and awarded the Nobel Prize in 1936, sharing the latter honors with his colleague and friend Otto Loewi.

Dale married his first cousin, Ellen Harriet Hallett, and their daughter married another Nobel laureate, the chemist Alexander R. Todd.

Father: Charles James Dale (businessman, b. 1842, d. 1901)
Mother: Frances Ann Hallett (d.)
Wife: Ellen Harriet Hallett (d.)
Daughter: Alison Sarah Todd (m. Nobel laureate Alexander R. Todd, d.)

    High School: The Leys School, Cambridge, England (1894)
    University: Physiology and Zoology, Cambridge University (1898)
    Medical School: BA Surgery, Cambridge University (1909)
    Medical School: MD, Cambridge University (1909)
    Scholar: University College London
    Scholar: University of Frankfurt (1903)
    Administrator: National Institute for Medical Research (1914-42)
    Professor: Chemistry, Royal Institution of Great Britain (1942-60)
    Administrator: Royal Institution of Great Britain (1942-60)

    Royal Society President (1940-45)
    Royal Society Secretary (1925-35)
    Royal Society 1914
    Wellcome Pharmacologist (1904-14)
    Knight of the British Empire 1932
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1936, with Otto Loewi
    Copley Medal 1937
    Order of Merit 1944
    Wellcome Trust Chairman (1938-60)
    Wellcome Trust Trustee (1936-60)

Author of books:
Adventures in Physiology with Excursions into Auto Pharmacology (1953, research)
An Autumn Gleaning (1954, lectures)


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