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Richard L. M. Synge

Richard L. M. SyngeAKA Richard Laurence Millington Synge

Born: 28-Oct-1914
Birthplace: Liverpool, England
Died: 18-Aug-1994
Location of death: Norwich, Norfolk, England
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Partition chromatography

English physicist Richard L. M. Synge was, with Archer J. P. Martin, co-inventor of a method for separating mixtures of chemicals and identifying specific chemicals, called partition chromatography. He was a distant cousin of playwright John Millington Synge, studied under Frederick Hopkins, and shared the 1952 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Martin.

Synch also investigated the purification of Vitamin E and the chemistry of wool, and developed a chromatogram for the separation of amino acids. In the latter research at the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, his lab assistants included Margaret Roberts, who later became Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. He was an activist for peace and nuclear disarmament, and attended the 1982 Pugwash peace conference in Warsaw, Poland. Beyond science, his passion was railroad travel, and he contributed occasional articles to rail enthusiasts' magazines.

Father: Laurence Millington Synge (stockbroker)
Mother: Katharine Charlotte Swan
Sister: Anthea Bryan
Wife: Ann Stephen (m. 1943, four daughters, three sons)
Daughter: Jane
Daughter: Elizabeth
Son: Matthew Millington
Son: Patrick
Son: Alexander Millington
Daughter: Charlotte
Daughter: Mary

    High School: Winchester College, Winchester, UK (1931)
    University: Trinity College, Cambridge University (1935)
    University: Trinity College, Cambridge University (1936)
    University: PhD, Trinity College, Cambridge University (1941)

    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1952 (with Archer J. P. Martin)
    American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Foreign Member
    Royal Society 1950
    Royal Society of Chemistry 1952
    Royal Society of Edinburgh 1963
    British Textile Technology Group (Wool Industries Research Ass'n, 1939-43)
    Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine (1943-48)
    Rowett Research Institute (1948-58)
    Ruakura Animal Research Station, Hamilton, New Zealand (1958-59)
    Rowett Research Institute (1959-67)
    Institute of Food Research (1967-76)
    Risk Factors: Gout


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